Bonifacio Day 2023: In the Philippines, Bonifacio Day is observed annually on November 30. It is a national holiday in honor of the national icon, Andrés Bonifacio. Bonifacio was among the founding members of the Katipunan, a covert revolutionary organization. Prominently recognized as the “Father of the Philippine Revolution,” he instigated the uprising against the Spanish Empire in the Philippines. In contrast to José Rizal, who is honored on Rizal Day, which coincides with the anniversary of his demise, Andrés Bonifacio is remembered on the occasion of his birth. This is as a result of the fact that his native countrymen, not foreign colonizers, carried out his execution.
An Overview of Bonifacio Day
Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro was born in Manila, Philippines, on November 30, 1863. As Bonifacio was the eldest of five siblings, his parents exerted considerable effort to provide for their family. When Bonifacio was a child, he supported his younger siblings by working full time. After working as a broker for tar, rattan, and other products for a British trading company, he was transferred to a German trading company to assume the position of warehouse keeper. As a result of not completing his formal education, Bonifacio gained knowledge through the study of literature.
‘La Liga Filipina,’ a clandestine organization initiated by the Filipino nationalist José Rizal, enrolled Bonifacio in 1892. As a result of the threat this organization posed to Spanish authorities, Rizal was apprehended and deported. Following Rizal’s deportation, Bonifacio and other members reorganized La Liga Filipina. They established the Katipunan, a new clandestine organization, shortly thereafter. In 1895, Bonifacio was elected Supreme President of the Katipunan. Under his direction, membership increased to approximately 30,000 by 1896.
During the same year, the Katipunan came into existence. Several Spanish authorities arrested additional members in an effort to identify them following this discovery. Bonifacio and his companions resolved to initiate a nationwide uprising, which they did by collectively ripping community tax certificates as an act of defiance against the Spanish authorities.
Rebels in Cavite under the leadership of Emilio Aguinaldo were able to drive out the Spanish after numerous failed attempts. Later, discord emerged between the Magdalo (Aguinaldo’s) and Magdiwang (Bonifacio’s) factions of the Katipunan. In order to reconcile the two factions and elect officers for the revolutionary government, the Tejeros Convention was convened.
After losing the presidency, Bonifacio was demoted to a position of contempt. In opposition to Aguinaldo, he established a rival government after rejecting this one. Aguinaldo became aware of this and issued an arrest warrant for Bonifacio. In 1897, following charges of sedition and treason, Bonifacio received a death sentence.
FAQs on Bonifacio Day
Is Bonifacio Day a recurring observance?
As it is Bonifacio Day, the majority of enterprises and educational institutions are closed.
Who was regarded as the Katipunan’s mastermind?
Emilio Jacinto was widely regarded as the Katipunan’s intellectual and spiritual beacon.
Is it true that Emilio Aguinaldo was the inaugural president?
Emilio Aguinaldo assumed the presidency of the Republic of the Philippines on January 23, 1899.
Bonifacio Day 2023 Activities
Visit the Monument Bonifacio
On Bonifacio Day, pay homage at the Bonifacio Monument. Create or procure a floral arrangement to be deposited at the monument as a token of reverence and homage to one of the nation’s national champions.
Give away literature
Reading can undoubtedly broaden one’s perspective. Bonifacio acquired his education through the study of literature. Donating literature is therefore an excellent way to observe Bonifacio Day.
Acquire knowledge of history
Numerous publications have been written on Bonifacio. Allocate some time to read about your personal revolutionary icon. Additionally, you might be interested in reading one of his preferred literary works.
Five factual items regarding the Katipunan that are essential to know
The Katipunan had an exhaustive hiring procedure.
The initiation procedure for newly formed Katipunan members was rigorous, resembling that of the Masonic order, and they were solemnly sworn to maintain the confidentiality of everything they had learned.
They maintained a punishment chamber in secret.
A clandestine chamber known as the Camera Secreta was utilized to render verdicts against individuals who violated the Katipunan laws or compromised their oath.
Three Katipunan organizations were established.
By virtue of Bonifacio’s triangle system, a Katipunan recruiter was restricted to soliciting membership from two individuals, with the recruiter being the sole knowledge of their identities.
They endeavored to seek assistance from Japan.
Following the meeting with the Japanese warship’s commander, the Japanese agreed to sell the Filipinos weapons and ammunition; however, a lack of funds and the Spanish discovery of the Katipunan prevented the agreement from taking effect.
The nation performed its national anthem.
Bonifacio hired Julio Nakpil to write a national anthem (“Marangál na Dalit ng Katagalugan”) for his imagined nation-state, the Katipunan (Haring Bayang Katagalugan), which he envisioned as the revolutionary government.
BONIFACIO DAY DATES