Constitution Day is the historic day in India which is celebrated on November 26 every year. Also known as ‘Samvidhan Diwas’, the Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world.
November 26, which was earlier celebrated as Law Day, marks the day when India had adopted its Constitution back in 1949, more than two years after attaining independence from the British rule. The Constitution came into effect next year on 26 January 1950, to commemorate the pledge of Purna Swaraj, passed in the Lahore session of the Congress on this day in 1930.
History of Constitution Day:
While on 26 November, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which came into effect from 1950, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on 19 November, 2015, notified the decision of the Government of India to celebrate 26 November as ‘Constitution Day’.
The day is celebrated to promote Constitution values among citizens.
As per a report in Scroll. in, the two months between the adoption and enforcement of the Constitution was used for reading and translation of the document from English to Hindi.
The Constituent Assembly met for 166 days for two years, 11 months, and 18 days before the Constitution was finally adopted.
The members of the Constituent Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document on 24 January 1950 and two days later, it became the law of the land.
What is the preamble to the Constitution of India?
Preamble is a brief statement which records the aims and aspirations of the people of India. The preamble to the Constitution of India reads:
“We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic, and to secure to all its citizens:
Justice, social, economic and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and opportunity, and to promote among them all fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation.
In our Constituent Assembly this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.”
How did the Constitution of India come into being?
From 1947 to 1950, India continued to use the legislation implemented when it was a dominion of Britain. In the meantime, the Constituent Assembly drafted the Constitution of India, which would replace the Government of India Act, 1935, as the country’s fundamental governing document. The Constitution was drawn from several sources, while India’s needs and conditions were given paramount importance. B R Ambedkar studied the Constitutions of over 60 countries before drafting the Constitution of India.