Hindi Diwas is celebrated annually on September 14 in India. It marks the significance of the day when the Constituent Assembly after Independence adopted Hindi as the official language of India.
Outside India, Hindi is spoken in many countries Nepal, Bangladesh, United States of America, United Kingdom, Germany, New Zealand, United Arab Emirates, Uganda, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad, Mauritius, and South Africa.
Written in the Devanagri script, Hindi is one of the 22 scheduled languages spoken in the country and one of the official languages of the Union Government. The other is English language.
History of Hindi Diwas:
In 1918 during a Hindi literature conference Father of Nation, Mahatma Gandhi urged to make Hindi the national language of India. Many people like Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt, and Seth Govind das made efforts for the same but the efforts brought results on the 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha on September 14, 1949. The day was marked as the first Hindi Diwas, and the Hindi language was adopted as the official language of India by the Constitution. As mentioned in the article 343 of the Constitution of India, Hindi language written in Devnagri script is one of the two languages of India, English being the second one.
Facts about Hindi language:
- 180 million people are proud of Hindi as their mother tongue. It is the second language for almost 300 million people across the globe.
- The Oxford Dictionary has incorporated the Hindi word “Swadeshi”, which is a matter of pride for the Hindi-speaking Indians and the descendants of the freedom fighters who used the word “Swadeshi” as a sign of patriotism. Besides this, many Hindi words such as ‘Guru’, ‘Nirvana’, ‘Adda’, etc. are used in many parts of the world.
- The word “Hindi” came from the Persian word “Hind”, which means the “Land of the Indus River.” The river falls into Pakistan after passing through Tibet and northernmost part of India.
- Hindi is often referred to as the “Language of Unity’ because of its wide use by the freedom fighters of India during the British Raj. Mahatma Gandhi, an eminent political figure and freedom fighter, encouraged the use of Hindi as the language of communication, the language of protest and the language of the nation’s collective voice.
- Hindi is easy to pronounce as each letter has its own unique sound. Therefore, learners find it easy to pronounce the words because they are spoken as they are written, similar to Spanish.