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National Education Day 2023: Activities, FAQs, History, Dates, and Facts about education in India

Exemplary contributions to education and institution development made by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad paved the way for the nation's contemporary system.

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National Education Day 2023 Activities, FAQs, History, Dates, and Facts About education in India

National Education Day 2023: National Education Day is observed on November 11 in India to commemorate the birth of the nation’s first Minister for Education, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Exemplary contributions to education and institution development made by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad paved the way for the nation’s contemporary system. Regarded as the primary progenitor of education, he presided over India as its inaugural Vice President and Minister of Education between 1947 and 1958. Presently, the day is observed by every educational institution in the nation through seminars, workshops, essay-writing competitions, and rallies bearing slogans that emphasize the value of literacy and India’s dedication to education. “The purpose of education is to develop competent and knowledgeable individuals into decent people… “Teachers have the ability to enlighten individuals,” said Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. For the purpose of advancing the professions of students and promoting education, Scholaroo provides an exhaustive directory of education scholarships from around the globe.

National Education Day History

Education Day was officially designated by the Ministry of Human Resource Development of India in September 2008, coinciding with the birthday of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, widely regarded as the “great son of India.” Additionally, the day serves as a remembrance for Abul Kalam’s pivotal role in establishing the educational infrastructure of an independent India and in assessing and enhancing the nation’s present progress in this domain.

India struggled to thoroughly revamp and stabilize its institutions and sectors following its independence in 1947. Aware of the critical nature of education in the process of nation-building, the country’s authorities realigned their attention towards this domain. Abul Kalam, specifically, assumed the role of the symbol bearer for this movement. During a 1948 address at All India Education, he emphasized the significance of this fundamental human right to receive a well-founded education, without compromising their responsibilities as citizens.

Abul Kalam, an academic and freedom fighter, was the ideal candidate for the position of Education Minister in independent India. Illiteracy posed a significant impediment to the progress of the nation, which had already endured years of exploitation and hardship prior to attaining its status as an independent state.

Recognizing the critical importance of a well-functioning education system for the progress of the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam, in his capacity as Chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, spearheaded efforts to eliminate illiteracy. Particularly for the benefit of young women, he advocated for the expansion of secondary education and placed significant emphasis on elementary education.

However, the Indian Institutes of Technology are arguably his most significant advancement. It was under his direction that the inaugural IIT was established in 1951. Abul Kalam possessed an unwavering conviction regarding the revolutionary capacity of IITs to propel technological progress and innovation in India. IITs have, in fact, established a niche for themselves in the present day. On a national and international scale, IITs are regarded as the pinnacle of higher education. Therefore, it is appropriate to commemorate the individual responsible for India’s educational prowess annually on his birthday as National Education Day.

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FAQs (National Education Day)

Who was the first minister of education in India?

The inaugural minister of education in India was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

What prompted India to establish a national education system?

Immediately after India’s partition from the Subcontinent to become an independent nation, the necessity for education became acute. Substantiated by committed leaders who advocated for the dissemination of education, the sector flourished.

What contribution has Maulana Abul Kalam Azad made to the field?

Maulana Abul Kalam, the inaugural education minister of Independent India, advocated vehemently for women’s education and free, mandatory primary education for children until the age of 14. Additionally, he played a significant role in the formation of scholarly institutions such as Jamia Millia Islamia and IIT Kharagpur.

Guidelines for Observing National Education Day

Engage in a competitive event

Numerous essay writing competitions, debates, and other competitions are held in universities and colleges throughout India on this day. Engage in an activity or assist in the preparation of a student you know to advocate for and inspire the value of education.

Explore a historical site

Numerous structures, memorials, and centers are established in support of education. Visit an academic institution or research facility. It will be an unparalleled educational experience!

Make a donation!

Literacy remains a significant issue in contemporary India. Thankfully, a multitude of organizations are diligently striving to advance this cause. Contribute by making a donation to the effort to eradicate illiteracy.

Five fascinating facts regarding education in India

The runners-up!

It is unsurprising that India, boasting the second-largest population globally, has the second-largest educational system, trailing only China.

Education at no cost to minors

The Right to Education Act mandates free and mandatory education for minors in India between the ages of six and fourteen.

The sword is weaker than the stylus.

India attributes much of its rapidly expanding economy to its expansive education system, which has increased by eighty percent in budget in recent years.

Leaving at a distance

Despite facing various obstacles, a significant number of children residing in rural India make the effort to travel considerable distances in order to attend school.

Continuance of education

One in every forty institutions in India is situated in a tent or open area.


Year Date Day
2023 November 11 Saturday
2024 November 11 Monday
2025 November 11 Tuesday
2026 November 11 Wednesday
2027 November 11 Thursday