Three scientists – William Kaelin Jr at Harvard University; Sir Peter Ratcliffe at Oxford University and the Francis Crick Institute in London; and Gregg Semenza at Johns Hopkins University have been awarded this year’s Nobel prize in physiology or medicine.
The trio share the award for discovering how cells use oxygen to burn fuel and help the body maintain and grow new tissues.
They won for “how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability,” the Nobel committee said, adding that their “elegant” findings were leading to new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases.
The 2019 #NobelPrize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza “for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.” pic.twitter.com/6m2LJclOoL
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 7, 2019
It is the 110th prize in the category that has been awarded since 1901.
The Karolinska Institutet said in a statement the trio should share equally the 9 million kronor (around $1.2 million Cdn) cash award.