Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first president of India was born on December 3, 1884, in Ziradei, Bengal Presidency (present-day Bihar). A brilliant scholar, Dr Rajendra Prasad was a teacher, lawyer, freedom fighter, and finally the president. Dr Rajendra Prasad was an extremely good writer. He rose as one of the stalwart leaders from the region of Bihar and a strong supporter of Mahatma Gandhi.
On his 136th birth anniversary, here are some crucial events of Dr Rajendra Prasad’s life:
- Dr Rajendra Prasad was a professor of English at a college in Bihar but later he pursued a law degree.
- Rajendra Prasad joined the Indian National Congress in 1911. He became a leader of the Bihar and Odisha region and supported Mahatma Gandhi in his movements. He has also been jailed several times, including his arrest during the Salt Satyagraha Movement of 1931 and the Quit India Movement of 1942.
- As a child, he was taught by a Maulavi (Muslim scholar), as his father wanted him to learn the Persian language, Hindi, and arithmetic. During his education at the University of Calcutta as a postgraduate student of Economics, he stayed at the Eden Hindu Hostel in Calcutta.
- A gold medalist, he completed his Doctorate in Law from Allahabad University in 1937.
- After being the president for two terms, stepped away from the highest post in 1962.
- Dr Rajendra Prasad had joined the Indian National Congress during the Indian Independence Movement.
- He was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and went to jail during the ‘Salt Satyagraha’ of 1931 and the ‘Quit India Movement’ of 1942.
- Dr Rajendra Prasad was awarded the highest civilian award – Bharat Ratna – in 1962.
- His autobiography in Hindi is titled “Aatmakatha” meaning autobiography.
- He died on February 28, 1963. The memorial Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya in Patna is dedicated to him.