The first shipment of grain to leave Ukraine under a wartime deal appears to have ended up in Syria — even as Damascus remains a close ally of Moscow, satellite images analysed on Tuesday by The Associated Press show.
The arrival of the cargo ship Razoni in Syria comes after the government in Kyiv praised the ship’s initial departure from the port of Odessa as a sign that Ukraine could safely ship out its barley, corn, sunflower oil and wheat to a hungry world where global food prices have spiked in part due to the war.
But its arrival in Syria’s port of Tartus shows how complicated and murky international trade and shipping can be.
Syria has already received Ukrainian grain taken from Russian-occupied territory amid Moscow’s war on Kyiv.
Images from Planet Labs PBC analysed by the AP showed the Sierra Leone-flagged Razoni at port just before 11 am on Monday.
The vessel was just next to the port’s grain silos, key to supplying wheat to the nation.
Data from the Razoni’s Automatic Identification System tracker shows it had been turned off since Friday, when it was just off the coast of Cyprus, according to ship-tracking website MarineTraffic.com.
Ships are supposed to keep their AIS trackers on, but vessels wanting to hide their movements often turn theirs off. Those heading to Syrian ports routinely do so.
The Razoni could be identified in the satellite image by its colour, length and width, as well as the four large white cranes on its deck.
Samir Madani, co-founder of the oil-shipment website TankerTrackers.com and an expert on following ships via satellite images, similarly identified the vessel from the image.
The Financial Times first reported on the satellite image. The Razoni, loaded with 26,000 tons of corn, left Odessa on August 1.
The cargo ship was the first to leave a Ukrainian-controlled port in the country since Russia launched the war in February.
As part of the deal, a UN coordination centre in Istanbul staffed by Turkey, Russia and Ukraine oversees the shipments to make sure they safely travel through the Black Sea, which has mines in some areas and has seen combat during the conflict.
But Lebanon, which was Razoni’s presumed destination, ended up not taking the shipment, even as it struggles with its own economic crisis.
Lebanese media had reported that after a month-long delay due to the war in Ukraine, the merchant who had bought the shipment no longer wanted it.
The vessel sat off Mersin, Turkey, before heading to Syria.
Asked about the Razoni, the UN Joint Coordination Centre said in a statement that “after outbound vessels clear inspection in Istanbul, the JCC ceases monitoring them.” “The cleared vessels proceed then to their final destinations, whatever those may be,” the centre said.
On Tuesday, the Ukrainian Embassy in Beirut referred to an earlier statement that Razoni’s cargo was no longer Kyiv’s responsibility.
“Our task has been to reopen seaports for grain cargo and it has been done,” the statement said.
An official reached by telephone on Tuesday at the Tartus port declined to comment.
Syria’s mission to the UN did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Tartus, on the Mediterranean Sea, lies about 320 kilometres (200 miles) northwest of Syria’s capital, Damascus.
Syria remains sanctioned by the West over killing and abuses of civilians during the civil war, though food supplies have been exempted by the West.
Russian military support has been key to Syrian President Bashar Assad remaining in power.
Syria has recognised the Russian-backed breakaway eastern Ukrainian regions of Donetsk and Luhansk as sovereign entities, leading to Kyiv severing diplomatic ties with Damascus.
Since earlier this year, ships have carried Ukrainian foodstuffs from Russian-occupied territory to Syria.
In May, satellite images showed the Russian-flagged Matros Pozynich at dockside in Latakia, Syria.
Ukraine said the ship had 27,000 tons of grain Russia stole from it and initially tried to sell to Egypt, which refused to take the cargo.