On 21st January 1972, Tripura was formed along with Meghalaya and Manipur. Statehood Day is celebrated every year on this day to mark the formation of the three North-Eastern States. Agartala is the capital of this 8 districts state.
Tripura is the third-smallest state in the country, it covers 10,491 km2 (4,051 sq mi). It borders Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram to the east.
Tripura Foundation Day: History & Significance
The area of modern Tripura was ruled for several centuries by the Manikya dynasty. It was part of an independent princely state under the British Empire. The independent Tripuri Kingdom (also known as Hill Tippera) joined the newly independent India in 1949.
Tripura then became a fully-fledged state on January 21, 1972. It was conferred full statehood in 1971 by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. This act was a major reform of the boundaries of India’s North-East region into States and union territories.
Before this act, Tripa was considered one of the Union Territories of the Indian Republic.
As per the 2011 census, Tripura is one of the most literate states in India with a literacy rate of 87.75 percentage. The official language spoken in the state is Kokborok, English, and Bengali.
The scheduled tribes (indigenous communities) form about 30 percent of Tripura’s population. The tribes who speak the Kokborok language are the major groups among 19 tribes.