Uttarakhand Foundation Day: Uttarakhand was formed on 9 November 2000 by joining several districts from the Northwestern part of Uttar Pradesh and a portion of the Himalayan Mountain range. This year 20th Uttarakhand Foundation Day will be celebrated. In 2007, the name of the state was formally altered from Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand.
Uttarakhand is rich in natural resources including glaciers, rivers, dense forests, and snow-clad mountain peaks. The four most sacred and revered Hindu temples of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamnotri are also known as Char-dhams are situated in Uttarakhand and so, is known as ‘Land of the Gods’. The capital of the state is Dehradun and the High Court is situated in the Nainital.
History of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand is separated from Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000 as the 27th state of India. That time it was known as Uttaranchal. The bordering states of Uttarakhand are Tibet, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The meaning of Uttarakhand has been extracted from the Sanskrit dialect which means ‘northern city’. In 2007, officially, it was renamed to Uttarakhand from Uttaranchal.
Uttarakhand Foundation Day: Celebrations
Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat inaugurated hot air balloon festival that was organised by the Uttarakhand Tourism Development Development Board (UTDB) in Mussoorie on this Sunday (November 8).
Climate of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand climate is temperate which is marked by seasonal variations in temperature. It is also affected by tropical monsoons. The coldest month is January and July is the hottest month in the north. In the southeast, May is the warmest month. In the lower stretch of valleys, floods and landslides are major problems during rainy season. Snowfall is common in the northern part of the state between December and March.