Vat Purnima 2023: Vat Purnima will be observed on June 3, 2023. This annual celebration, which occurs two weeks after the observance of Vat Savitri Vrat in North India, is an important Hindu festival for the people of Maharashtra, Gujarat, and the states of South India. The ceremony commemorates the tale of Satyavan and Savitri, and married women observe the Vat Savitri Vrat to pray for the longevity and good health of their companions. The only significant distinction between Vat Purnima Vrat and Vat Savitri Vrat is the date of celebration.
Vat Purnima Vrat 2023 Date & Timing
On May 19, the Vat Savitri Amavasya was observed. Vat Purnima Vrat will occur two weeks later, on June 3. According to Drik Panchang, Purnima Tithi for Vat Purnima 2023 begins on June 3, 2023 at 11:16 am and continues until June 4, 2023, at 9:11 am. Therefore, Vat Purnima Vrat will be observed on June 3.
History of Vat Savitri
Savitri was the daughter of King Ashvapati and was wed to Satyavan, who was doomed to perish a year after their wedding. After one year of marriage, Satyavan felt frail and died in his wife’s arms. Savitri does not embrace his mortality and rebels against it alongside Yamraj. She pled with Yamraj not to abduct her spouse. Yamraj was impressed by Savitri’s devotion and granted her three boons on the condition that she would not request Satyavan’s life. Then, Savitri asked for her and Satyavan’s 100 offspring. Yamraj was once again awed by Savitri and granted her a further boon, but this time without conditions. Finally, Savitri requested her husband’s life.
Importance of the Vat Purnima Vrat:
In Hinduism, the Vat or Banyan tree has significant significance. The banyan tree symbolises the Hindu paramount deities Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Vat Savitri Vrat is observed for three days by married women and commences two days prior to Amavasya or Purnima in the Jyestha month. It is believed that by observing this fast, married women can bring good luck and fortune to their spouses, similar to how the devout and devoted Savitri saved her husband’s life.
Vat Purnima Rituals
Vat Purnima is predominantly observed by married women, who fast for a full day and perform rituals to pray for the health and longevity of their spouses. On this day, women rise early, take a ritual bath, and don traditional clothing. They offer prayers at temples, notably those dedicated to Savitri or Satyavan. The most important aspect of the festival is the practice of binding a sacred thread, or “Raksha,” around a banyan tree, which is believed to represent Lord Satyavan.
Women also observe a partial or complete fast, abstaining from food and water throughout the day. They attend to the story of Savitri and Satyavan, as told by elderly women or clerics, and pray for marital harmony and happiness. It is believed that by observing this fast with devotion, married women can assure their spouses’ health and longevity.
In addition to fasting and rituals, women may exchange gifts and celebrate with their family. The festival has cultural and social significance because it emphasises the sanctity of marriage and the respect accorded to the institution of marriage in Indian culture.