Eid-ul-Fitr marks the end of the month-long Ramadan and Muslims start this day with a special prayer on the morning of the first day of Shawwal, or the tenth month of the lunar Islamic calendar. The exact date of Eid-ul-Fitr depends on the moon sighting. So, it can’t be precisely known.
Eid ul Fitr 2021 date in India
Usually, Ramadan begins the day after the sighting of the crescent moon which appears one night after the new moon. Very similarly, the sighting of the new crescent moon will mark the end of Ramadan and the onset of the month of Shawwal, the tenth of the Islamic Hijri calendar.
According to the islamicfinder.org, Eid-ul-Fitr 2021 is likely to be celebrated on May 13 but the exact date will be decided after the sighting of the moon of Shawwal, 1442, the tenth month of the Islamic Calendar.
The Jeddah Astronomical Association has said that the most likely sighting date for the Shawwal moon will be on May 12 (Wednesday).
Eid-ul-Fitr 2021: Significance
Eid-ul-Fitr literally means ‘festival of breaking the fast’ therefore declaring an end to the fasting month of Ramadan.
At the break of dawn, on the first of Shawwal(next month after Ramadan in the Islamic calendar), practicing Muslims wake up before sunrise, offer Salatul Fajr (the pre-sunrise prayer), and in keeping with the traditions of the Prophet Mohammed clean their teeth with a toothbrush, take a shower before prayers, put on new clothes (or the best available), and apply perfume.
Muslims recite the takbir ( raising of the hands to the ears while saying Allahu Akbar, which means ‘God is greatest’), a declaration of faith, and give special charitable contributions known as Zakat al-Fitr.
The festival encourages charity, especially to the poor on this auspicious occasion.
They wear the best clothes and exchange good wishes with neighbours, friends, and family. Women apply henna on their hands as a mark of happiness and merriment. They clean the house, decorate it, and prepare delicious food for guests.
Food is an essential part of the festival. Muslims prepare delicacies like Sevaiyyan and Sheerkhurma as a tradition.
Eid gifts, also known as Eidi is given to children and immediate relatives.
Eid-ul-Fitr 2021: History
The first Eid al-Fitr was celebrated in 624 CE by the Prophet Mohammed and his companions after the victory of the battle of Jang-e-Badar.
Anas ibn Malik, a companion of the Prophet Mohammed has written in a hadith that Eid al-Fitr was instituted by the Prophet after his journey from Mecca to Medinah.
A common greeting during this holiday is Eid Mubarak, which means, “Have a blessed Eid!”