Who was Dulla Bhatti: The special time of the year, Lohri 2023, has arrived. In a few days, one of the country’s largest and most colourful festivals, Lohri, will be celebrated. This is the time of year when people dance and play music around a bonfire to celebrate the harvest. Lohri is primarily celebrated in Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir. It commemorates the end of the year’s coldest days. This time of year, these states experience a frigid winter; consequently, they gather around a fire to celebrate the season’s final days.
The date of Lohri in 2023 is January 13.
It is customary to celebrate Lohri one day before Makar Sankranti. During the festival, Hindus and Sikhs congregate around the bonfire and celebrate with home-cooked snacks, dance, music, and other festivities. This festival is also associated with a well-known folktale.
Who was Dulla Bhatti? Story of Dulha Bhatti
It is believed that the Mughal emperor Humayun murdered Farid Khan and Sandal Bhatti, the father and grandfather of Dulla Bhatti, for refusing to pay taxes to the Mughal emperor. Their skins were stuffed with wheat hay and hung outside the village of Bharwa in order to instil fear regarding the repercussions for not paying tax.
Dulha Bhatti’s father and grandfather passed away four months prior to his birth. However, he became a rebel himself and was frequently referred to as the Robin Hood of his era. He employed techniques to steal from the wealthy and give to the oppressed poor. Akbar referred to Dulha Bhatti as a bandit, but she is fondly remembered for rescuing Mughal slave women and arranging their weddings.
Lohri celebrates Dulha Bhatti’s greatness. Punjabis remember the sacrifices made by Dulha Bhatti to improve the living conditions of his people during the festival. Lohri also celebrates the arrival of warmer weather, represented by the bonfire.
This is why Lohri is celebrated by lighting bonfires and offering jaggery and grains. The famous folksong “Sundar-Mundriye” is sung with gusto:
|(Original in Punjabi)||(Translation)|
|Sunder mundriye ho!||Beautiful girl Sundari and Mundari|
|Tera kaun vicharaa ho!||Who will think about you|
|Dullah Bhatti walla ho!||Dulla of the Bhatti clan will|
|Dullhe di dhee vyayae ho!||Dulla’s daughter got married|
|Ser shakkar payee ho!||He gave one seer of sugar!|
|Kudi da laal pathaka ho!||The girl is wearing a red suit!|
|Kudi da saalu paata ho!||But her shawl is torn!|
|Salu kaun samete!||Who will stitch her shawl?!|
Chache choori kutti!
|The uncle made choori! (dish prepared with roti, desi ghee and sugar)|
|Zamidara lutti!||The landlords looted!|
|Zamindaar sudhaye!||Landlords are beaten up!|
|Bade bhole aaye!||Lots of simple-headed boys came!|
|Ek bhola reh gaya!||One simpleton got left behind!|
|Sipahee far ke lai gaya!||The soldier arrested him!|
|Sipahee ne mari itt!||The soldier hit him with a brick!|
|Bhaanvey ro te bhaanvey pitt!||Whether you cry, or bang your head later!|
|Sanoo de de Lohri, te teri jeeve jodi!||Give us Lohri, long live your pair (to a married couple)!|