Why Amartya Sen's "The Argumentative Indian" is the answer to all the contemporary debates
Literature

Why Amartya Sen’s “The Argumentative Indian” is the answer to all the contemporary debates

“Discussions and arguments are critically important for democracy and public reasoning”– The Argumentative Indian- Amartya Sen

It is the ‘Perennial Universalism’ of 1.3 billion people who use more than 122 languages and 1600 dialects in their everyday lives, practice 7 major religions, belong to 3 major ethnic groups- Aryans, Mongoloids, and Dravidians live under one system, one flag and one identity of being ‘Bhartiya’ and have ‘No Enemies’. That is what makes Bharat a diverse and united nation. – Pranab Mukherjee in his speech at RSS headquarters, Nagpur.

India is home to the dignified diversities of cultures, traditions, languages, and political opportunities to each citizen of the country. Every citizen is entitled with fundamental rights and duties enshrined in the constitution of India, which makes the government accountable to the citizen of the country. Amartya Sen securitizes and puts his appraise version of India’s great and captivating richness of its glorious history, with the help of his book “The Argumentative Indian”. Cognizance of India’s past is important for an adequate understanding of the capacious idea of India.

“Prolixity is not alien to us in India” The book, The Argumentative Indian, is the endless journey of apprehensions to the reader. The book is in the form of the finest collection of different essays, which Sen had written in the time of calls and situations. These essays have the thumping audacity to recall the significance, sagacity, acuity, and prudence of Indians in times when technology was not a word to be spoken, and the multiculturalism was not showcased but preached and flourished. The book is the detail intellectualism, in the pursuit of understanding India, and its old and contemporary significance on the domestic soil.

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Amartya Sen is the beacon of economic studies; a luminary in its field, the magnificent well-read man, the answer to this is his book “The Argumentative Indian”. He studied a number of intellectual to represent the order of his statements regarding the standing of India’s socio-cultural, socio-economic and socio-political approach to establishing arguments. He read Rabindranath Tagore, William Butler Yeats, John Rawls, Br Ambedkar and many more, which is also why this book becomes the mandatory read for an individual? Sen is probably the centre of attraction for his insightful approach towards his understanding of the social economy and the society’s poorest members. He extensively deals with these major causes of ceasing a country’s development.

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The greatest and the most epoch-making part of the book is the long and detail statements of Amartya Sen, through which he evinces the presence of democracy in relation to public reasoning and deliberations while practising democracy in the country. This fetches the social stratum of people in accountability to take democracy as the people’s supreme power to judge political layers in the country. The absence of public reasoning leads to the failure of democracy in the country. It is the reason which qualifies the human satisfaction. Voice is the crucial component of the pursuit of social justice in the democracy.

The book can be categorically divided into four parts, which also tends to hook the reader; those are the voice and heterodoxy, culture and communication, politics and protest, Reason and Identity. This, in a nutshell, frames the book as one of the splendid works of Amartya Sen in the recent contemporary debates of secularism, politics, religion, history, and economy.

Md Farrukh Ilyas is a student at Aligarh Muslim University. he tweets at @amufarrukh 

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