World Day of International Justice widely known as International Justice Day is celebrated on July 17 every year. The day recognizes the developing and strengthening system of international justice that has emerged since the Nuremberg trials and Tokyo Trials after World War II.
Aim of World Day of International Justice:
The day aims to promote international criminal justice and as a way of supporting the work of the International Criminal Court(ICC).
History of World Day of International Justice:
The first World Day for International Justice was celebrated on 17 July 1998, on the day the Statute of Rome was signed, which marks the creation of the International Criminal Court (ICC), a historic milestone in a period of intense optimism vis-à-vis international justice. ICC came about when 120 states adopted a statute in Rome. It was known as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (“the Rome Stature”).
What is ICC?
The ICC is the first permanent and independent international judicial institution capable of trying individuals accused of the most serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, including the crimes of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.
Celebration of World Day of International Justice:
The day can be celebrated by joining the ICC’s campaign for global justice to 100% of humanity protected by the rule of law. Justice, deterrence of crime, and peace. Member states must adopt national laws to prosecute individuals for grave crimes and to cooperate with the ICC.
Quotes for World Day of International Justice:
- “Justice is the constant and perpetual will to allot to every person his due. Justice is a contract of expediency, entered upon to prevent men harming or getting harmed.”
- “Justice is a certain rectitude of mind whereby a man does what he ought to do in the circumstances confronting him”.
- “Equal justice under law is not just a caption on the facade of the Supreme Court building, it is perhaps one of the most inspiring ideals of our society.”
- “Violence as a way of achieving racial justice is both impractical and immoral. I am not unmindful of the fact that violence often brings about momentary results. Nations have frequently won their independence in battle. But despite temporary victories, violence never brings permanent peace”.
- “There is a higher court than courts of justice and that is the court of conscience. It supersedes all other courts”.