World Soil Day (WSD) is celebrated annually on December 5 as a means to focus attention on the importance of healthy soil and to advocate for the sustainable management of soil resources.
World Soil Day History
An international day to celebrate soil was recommended by the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) in 2002. Under the leadership of the Kingdom of Thailand and within the framework of the Global Soil Partnership, FAO has supported the formal establishment of WSD as a global awareness raising platform.
The FAO Conference unanimously endorsed World Soil Day in June 2013 and requested its official adoption at the 68th UN General Assembly. In December 2013, the UN General Assembly responded by designating 5 December 2014 as the first official World Soil Day.
World Soil Day 2021 Theme: “Halt soil salinization, boost soil productivity”
Soil salinization and sodification are major soil degradation processes threatening ecosystem and are recognized as being among the most important problems at a global level for agricultural production, food security and sustainability in arid and semi-arid regions.
World Soil Day 2021 (#WorldSoilDay) and its campaign “Halt soil salinization, boost soil productivity” aims to raise awareness of the importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems and human well-being by addressing the growing challenges in soil management, fighting soil salinization, increasing soil awareness and encouraging societies to improve soil health.
World Soil Day 2021: Significance
Controlling soil pollution is critical as micro-organisms working continuously for preserving our ecosystem perish and bad soil management affects life below the ground. Soil is home to more than 25% the planet’s plant life and 95% of our food comes from the soil. Quality and quantity of fruits, vegetables and food grains also depends on the health of the soil. Quality of soil helps fight climate change and global warming.
World Soil Day 2021: What you can do to observe this day
You can avoid single-use plastics, which when discarded can be harmful to the soil. By choosing eco-friendly, gardening, cleaning and personal care products, you can take care of the soil around you. Dispose of hazardous waste like batteries responsibly. Composting your food waste, gives nutrients to the soil.