Every year, the world comes across different disease outbreaks that take away the lives of several people and India is no behind in the list. In 2019, outbreaks of various diseases all over the world could not be ignored hence, it should be highlighted so that more preventions and precautions would be taken as it is said, “Prevention is better than cure”.
India is no stranger to disease outbreaks of its own, therefore, communicable diseases such as HIV, malaria, and tuberculosis is circulating for many years. The recent instance is the Nipah virus, the horrific outbreak which occurred in Kerala both last year and this year. There were no fatalities reported this year.
Some of the disease outbreaks in 2019 are listed below-
The deadly Nipah virus has resurfaced in the south Indian state of Kerala this year and last year it claimed 17 lives in the Kozhikode and Malappuram districts of Kerala.
A 23-year-old student in Ernakulam district had tested positive for the disease on June 4. 338 people were kept under observation and seventeen individuals were isolated. Past outbreaks were in West Bengal’s Siliguri district, as well as in Bangladesh, Malaysia, and Singapore.
According to the health department report, 321 cases were confirmed in Kochi of dengue until October 2019. Out of the total cases, 52 were confirmed. The suspected cases of dengue reported were 882. Kochi comes across with fever cases numbering 15,644 in October.
In areas with waterlogging, spraying of chemicals to destroy larvae of mosquitoes was also undertaken.
Several cases of chickenpox have also been detected in most parts of the Kochi. In October, 110 chickenpox cases were reported including 30 mumps cases.
Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared the 10th outbreak of Ebola virus in 40 years on August 1, 2018which was centred in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
During the first eight months of the epidemic, that is, until March 2019, more than 1,000 cases of Ebola were reported. However, between April and June 2019, this number doubled. Between June to August, the number of new cases observed was high. Since August, the number of cases has been slowly declining, with just 70 cases detected throughout October this year.
AES (Acute Encephalitis Syndrome):
In June 2019, an outbreak of AES occurred in Muzaffarpur and the adjoining districts in Bihar.
Due to the outbreak, since 1 June 2019, 85 children died at the Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital (SKMCH), the largest state-operated hospital in Bihar, while 18 children died at the Kejriwal Matrisadan, a trust-run hospital.
A total of 440 cases of AES were admitted to hospitals since 1 June 2019. As of 18 June 2019, 154 were being treated in hospitals.