This session of Parliament was the first session after the Lok Sabha elections. It passed some landmark bills like repealing of Article 370, geographical reorganization of Jammu and Kashmir, Triple Talaq Bill, new Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill, and also created the record for maximum Bills passed in the last 67 years.
Three full sessions of Parliament operated this year in 2019- Interim Budget Session from January 31 to February 13, Budget Session from June 17 to August 7 and Winter Session from November 18 to December 13.
It also witnessed proceedings during the last nine days of Winter Session which commenced on December 11, 2018, and ended on January 9, 2019. During the Interim Budget Session, four legislations were passed by Parliament.
The Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019:
The Bill allows voluntary use of Aadhaar as proof of identity for opening a bank account and procuring a mobile phone. Parliament passed this legislation to amend the Aadhaar Act, 2016, the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 and the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002.
The 124th Constitutional Amendment Bill 2019:
The 124th Constitutional Amendment Bill was approved by the Parliament which provides a 10 percent reservation in jobs and educational institutions to economically backward section in the general category.
The Personal Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2018:
The legislation removes leprosy as a ground for seeking divorce or separation of Hindu and Muslim couples. Both Houses of Parliament cleared the Personal Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2018 during the Interim Budget Session.
The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019:
The Act seeks to protect children from offenses such as sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography. The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani on July 18, 2019.
The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019:
Parliament passed this legislation which criminalises instant triple talaq among Muslims and fixes a jail term of three years for the husband. It was introduced by Ravi Shankar Prasad on June 21, 2019, in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Law and Justice, Ravi Shankar Prasad on June 21, 2019.
The Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019:
It seeks to amend the Right to Information Act, 2005. It was introduced by Jitendra Singh, Ministry of State or Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, on July 19, 2019.
The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019:
It was introduced by Minister of Home Affairs, Amit Shah in Lok Sabha, on July 8, 2019. The Bill amends the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. The Act provides special procedures to deal with terrorist activities, among other things.
The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019:
The Bill seeks to amend the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 to provide for road safety. The Act provides for the grant of licenses and permits related to motor vehicles, standards for motor vehicles, and penalties for violation of these provisions. It was introduced by Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari.
The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019:
The Bill provides for the reorganisation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh. The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha on August 5, 2019, by the Minister of Home Affairs, Amit Shah.
The Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (Production, Manufacture, Import, Export, Transport, Sale, Distribution, Storage and Advertisement) Bill, 2019:
It bans the use of e-cigarettes in India. This legislation replaced the ordinance promulgated in September last year. The Bill criminalises the production, manufacture, import, export, transport, sale, distribution and advertisement of e-cigarettes in India.
The Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill, 2019:
This legislation was cleared to amend the Special Protections Group Act, 1988. Under this Bill, SPG cover will be provided to the Prime Minister, and members of his immediate family residing with him at his official residence.
The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill, 2019:
This legislation was passed to extend the reservation for SCs and STs in the Lower House and the state assemblies by ten years.
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019:
This Bill, which has now become an Act, provides Indian citizenship to Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, who arrived in India on or before December 31, 2014, due to religious persecution.