Ashfaqulla Khan, a legendary freedom fighter was born on October 22, 1900 in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh. A role model to his generation and generation afterward were the first Muslim to willingly sacrifice his life at the age of 27, for sake of motherland. Ashfaqulla wrote that he was proud to be the first Muslim to do so and be first Muslim in his generations to serve the motherland.
Once a policeman asked Ashfaqulla Khan that why was he working with Hindus to bring down the British Empire? At which, Ashfaqu replied, “Because Hindu Rashtra would be way better than British Empire”.
Ashfaqulla was a true icon of Hindu-Muslim solidarity.
His religion never forced him to curse an Arya Samaji, ‘a critic of Islam’ to eternal Hell. On contrary, the truthfulness and high character of Bismil made him consider Bismil as his role model and elder brother, much more dearer than his own family.
This great freedom fighter paid the highest price for his obsession to free India. He paid the price with his life. A motley group of freedom fighters of Hindustan Republican Party was led by Ram Prasad Bismil, and Khan was his deputy. The group had no guns and no money to fight the British, so they robbed a train carrying British Govt Treasury money in the Guard’s cabin.
In the Kakori -train robbery, a person was accidentally killed. Ashfaqulla Khan and Bismil were arrested along with various others. Ashfaqulla Khan, Bismil and three others were sentenced to death.
Ashfaqulla Khan was hanged on December 19, 1927 at a young age of 27, but he is, was, and always remembered.
Aamir Khan starrer ‘Rang De Basanti’ film has a character playing Ashfaqulla Khan and hence he is given his due credit in the movie.
Few famous slogans of Ashfaqullah khan
Kuch Aarzoo nahi hai, hai aarzoo toh ye hai
Rakh de koi zara si khake watan kafan me
Aye pukhtkar ulfat hushiyaar, dig na jana
Maraz aashqan hai iss daar aur rasan me
Maut aur zindagi hai, duniya ka sab tamasha
Farman Krishna ka tha, Arjun ko beech run me
Na koi English hai, na koi German
Na koi Russian hai, na koi Turkey
Mitane wale hain apne Hindi
Jo aaj humko meeti rahe hain
Buzdilon ko hi sada maut se darte dekha
Goh ki sau baar unheroz hi marte dekha
Maut se veer ko humne nahi darte dekha
Maut ko ek baar jab aana hai toh darna kya hai
Hum sada khel hi samajha kiye, marna kya hai
Watan humesha rahe Shad-qadam aur aazaad
Humara kya hai, agar hum rahe, rahe na rahe