Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is considered as one of the most respected voices of India’s freedom struggle. His famous slogan, Tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhe aazdi dunga, still fuses a sense of patriotism in the hearts of Indians.
Remembering Netaji on his 74th death anniversary, we share few facts from the leader’s life
- Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath.
- Bose was a brilliant student and achieved top marks throughout his study in school and university. He pursued his BA in Philosophy in 1918.
- Bose left India in 1919 for England with a promise to his father that he would appear in the Indian Civil Services (ICS) examination. Later, he resigned from his civil service job on April 23, 1921.
- Following differences with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and the Congress high command, Bose was expelled from Congress leadership positions in 1939.
- Bose believed that Gandhi’s tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure independence and advocated for violent resistance.
- Between 1921-1941, Bose was jailed 11 times for his stand for complete independence.
- Bose re-organised with Imperial Japanese assistance and led the Azad Hind Fauj.
- With Japanese monetary, political, diplomatic and military assistance, he formed the Azad Hind Government in exile, and regrouped and led the Indian National Army.
- Subhas Chandra Bose believed that the Bhagvad Gita was a great source of inspiration for him.
- Bose established the Azad Hind Radio station in Germany.