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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Timeline: Childhood, Education, Freedom Movement, Awards and more

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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Timeline: Childhood, Education, Freedom Movement, Awards and more

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is a revered name in Indian politics. A lawyer and a political activist, known as the “Ironman’ of India, Patel played a leading role during the Indian Independence Movement. After independence, he was crucial in the integration of over 500 princely states into the Indian Union. He was deeply influenced by Gandhi’s ideology and principles, having worked very closely with the leader.

On the eve of the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, we bring you a peek into his life.

1875: Early years in Gujarat

Born in Nadiad village of modern day Gujarat to Zaverbhai and Ladbai on 31st October, 1875, Patel spent his early years in Karamsad.

1890: Schooling

Patel began his schooling in Karamsad, a small village in Kheda district of Gujarat. Later travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad, Borsad.

1892: Marriage

At the age of 17, Patel got Married to Jhaverba of Gana, a village 3 miles from Karamsad.  The couple had two children. In 1904, he got a baby daughter Maniben, and in 1905 his son Dahya was born.

1897: Completed matriculation

Passed matriculation in Nadiad at the age of 22.

1900: Made a name as successful criminal lawyer

Began his legal practices in Godhra and later, shifted legal practice to Borsad. He achieved rapid success as a lawyer and soon become one of the foremost criminal lawyers.

1905: Start of Barristership in England

Patel saved enough money to go to England and become a Barrister. However, gave away the opportunity to his elder brother Vitthalbhai who wished to become barrister first. 5 years later (1910), at the ge of 35,  Patel after several hurdles, left for England to fulfil his dream of studying for Barristership.

Watch: A glimpse into the life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

1918: Meeting Gandhi a turning point

Meeting Gandhi was a turning point in the Patel’s life. Gandhi chose Vallabhbhai as his Deputy Commander. Reflecting upon his choice of Patel to lead the Kheda Satyagraha, Ganshi Said, ‘Many were prepared to follow me, but I could not make up my mind as to who should be my deputy commander. Then I thought of Vallabhbhai.’

1923: Elected President of Ahmedabad Municipality

Elected as the President of the Ahmedabad Municipal Board, Patel took charge and revamped the drainage, sanitation, cleanliness and water distribution systems of Ahmedabad. To the astonishment of the citizens, the President of the Board, took up a broom and dust cart himself, and began cleaning the Harijan quarter of the city.

Also read: Tribute to a great unifier: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel can justly be regarded as the maker of modern India

1927: Earned the title ‘Sardar’

Leading a Peasant’s protest, Patel turned the trajectory of his life toward a path of public service. He led a mass No-Tax Campaign in Kheda District after which, peasants started to call him ‘Sardar’

1930: Jailed

March – June Arrested for canvassing Gandhi’s salt Satyagraha. Because of his status, Patel was served with good diet. However, Patel held a hunger strike and requested C class diet instead of A class.

July – Rearrested in Bombay for 3 months

Dec – Arrested again for 9 months

1931: Elected President of the Indian National Congress

Just out of jail, in 1931, Patel was elected as the President of the Indian Nation Congress at the Karachi session.

1932-45: Freedom Struggle

1932: Arrested during Civil Disobedience Movement, jailed along with Gandhi

1940 – Arrested for participation in Satyagraha

1942-45: Arrested for participation in Quit India Movement

1947: First Deputy Prime Minister of Free India

Patel became the first Deputy Prime Minister as well as the first Home Minister of Independent India. He also took charge of the States Department and the Information and Broadcasting Ministry. He was responsible for the accession of 565 princely states into the Union of India.

Also read: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’ Statue of Unity: 10 Facts about the World’s tallest statue

1950: Death

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s health started declining in 1950. Breathed his last on 15 December 1950 after suffering a massive heart attack.

1991: Bharat Ratna

Sardar Patel was posthumously conferred the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest Civilian honour, in 1991.