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Tax Returns: A Comprehensive Guide to ITR Forms 1 through 7

Income tax forms play an important role in tax filing by providing a structured format for taxpayers to report their income, deductions, and credits.

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Filing Taxes with Foreign Income
Filing Taxes with Foreign Income

A Comprehensive Guide to ITR Forms 1 through 7: The income tax return summarizes an individual’s or entity’s income and tax responsibilities and is filed with the tax authorities.

Income tax forms play an important role in tax filing by providing a structured format for taxpayers to report their income, deductions, and credits.

The purpose of these forms is to ensure compliance with tax laws and calculate the correct amount of taxes owed or refunds due. Below is a summary of seven tax forms and their purpose:

For fiscal year 2024-25, the income tax department has released the ITR-6 excel utility, following the release of ITR-1, ITR-2, and ITR-4 excel utilities.

Every taxpayer should file his ITR on or before the due date specified under the ‘downloads’ option on the e-filing page.

The first step is to determine which Income Tax Return (ITR) form is required based on various factors, such as sources of income, residential status, and specific financial transactions. Here are some general guidelines:

  • The ITR-1 (Sahaj) is used by persons who have income from salaries, one house property, interest, etc., up to Rs 50 lakh or agricultural income up to Rs 5000.
  • The ITR-2 is for individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUF) without profits or gains from business or profession.
  • The ITR-3 is for individuals and HUFs earning income from business or profession.
  • The ITR-4 (Sugam) is intended for individuals, HUFs, and firms (other than limited liability partnerships) who have presumptive income from business and profession up to Rs 50 lakh.
  • For people other than individuals, HUFs, companies, and individuals filing Form ITR-7, there is Form ITR-5.
  • The ITR-6 is for companies other than those claiming section 11 exemptions.
  • The ITR-7 is for persons including companies who must file returns under section 139(4A) or 139(4B) or 139(4C) or 139(4D) or 139(4E) or 139(4F).

Freelancers who receive money from the aforementioned sources qualify for a presumptive scheme if their gross revenues do not exceed Rs 50 lakh.

Also Read: Delhi court sentences woman to 6 months jail for not filing ITR on income of Rs 2 Crores

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