Remember Priyanka Chopra lighting up the silver screen with her portrayal of Jhilmil in Anurag Kashyap’s ‘Barfi’? Weary of strangers, with a slur in her speech, Chopra played an autistic girl, who needed assistance with simple tasks like going to the loo.
Like her character in the movie, one of 160 children are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)worldwide (according 2017 data from the World Health Organisation).
Such kids often suffer from various conditions such as challenging social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech and non-verbal communication.
On Autism Awareness Day, April 2, we celebrate the neurodiversity of people on the spectrum. Here’s all you to know about the disorder and the day dedicated to raise wareness around the disorder.
What is Autism?
Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which causes problems in communication and interaction, repetitive behaviours, difficulties in doing daily chores, etc. It is a complex brain development disability which makes itself visible during the first 3 years of a person’s life. It has an effect on normal brain function which affects development of a person’s communication and social interaction skills.
Conditions associated with autism include Fragile X, allergies, asthma, epilepsy, bowel disease, digestive disorders, persistent viral infections, feeding disorders, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, OCD, sensory integration dysfunction, sleeping disorders, and immune disorders. One of the most unfunded disorders, Autism is also one of the fastest growing developmental disorders.
After continued research over several years, it has been established that there is no one cause for autism just as there is no single type of autism. Scientists have recently identified rare gene changes and mutations in autism affected victims. But most cases are a result of autism risk genes and environmental factors that influence early brain development
All about World Autism Awareness Day 2019
Instituted in the year 2007 by the United Nations, this day encourages the world leaders to take up measures to raise awareness about the people living with autism. This day is one of the only four official health-specific UN days.
2019 World Autism Awareness Day Theme
“Assistive Technologies, Active Participation”