German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844. The noted philosopher is known for his writings on good and evil, the end of religion in modern society, and the concept of a “super-man”.
Nietzsche began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He became the youngest ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869 at the age of 24. Nietzsche resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life; he completed much of his core writing in the following decade.
In 1889, at age 44, he suffered a collapse and afterward a complete loss of his mental faculties. He lived his remaining years in the care of his mother until she died in 1897 and then with his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche. Nietzsche died in 1900. Nietzsche’s writing spans philosophical polemics, poetry, cultural criticism, and fiction while displaying a fondness for aphorism and irony.
Throughout his productive life, Nietzsche struggled to have his work published, confident that his books would have culturally transformative effects. While he did not live long enough to witness his fame, he did learn that his work was the subject of a series of lectures by Georg Morris Cohen Brandes, delivered at the University of Copenhagen in 1888.
Nietzsche died on August 25, 1900, from pneumonia and a stroke. The Nietzsche manuscripts were eventually moved to the Goethe and Schiller Archive in Weimar.
On the occasion of Friedrich Nietzsche’s birthday, here are some inspirational quotes by the philosopher:
- I’m not upset that you lied to me, I’m upset that from now on I can’t believe you.
- It is hard enough to remember my opinions, without also remembering my reasons for them!
- There is always some madness in love. But there is also always some reason in madness.
- Sometimes people don’t want to hear the truth because they don’t want their illusions destroyed.
- It’s not a lack of love, but a lack of friendship that makes unhappy marriages.
- Love is not consolation. It is light.
- The apprentice and the master love the master in different ways.
- In revenge and love, a woman is more barbarous than a man.
- Of all that is written, I love only what a person has written with his blood.
- When marrying, ask yourself this question: Do you believe that you will be able to converse well with this person into your old age? Everything else in marriage is transitory.