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Kawasaki disease: Mystery illness affecting children and its link with Coronavirus

After Coronavirus brought the world to a standstill and continues to infect millions across the globe, the fear of a mystery ailment Kawasaki in kids taking over. It is a multisystem inflammatory disease with symptoms like fever, rash and red eyes.

By Newsd
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Kawasaki disease: a mystery illness affecting children and its link with Coronavirus

New Delhi: After Coronavirus brought the world to a standstill and continues to infect millions across the globe, the fear of a mystery ailment Kawasaki in kids taking over. It is a multisystem inflammatory disease with symptoms like fever, rash and red eyes. This has left medical experts with growing concerns as Europe and United States have reported an increase in the cases of Kawasaki.

Kawasaki syndrome, which affects many important organs of the body and causes swelling on the entire body can be life-threatening. After Covid-19, this disease may emerge as a major health concern in India. An eight-year-old boy from Chennai has become the first case in India to be affected by the hyper-inflammatory syndrome associated with Coronavirus.

What is Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki is a disease that involves the blood vessels of the body in which there is inflammation in the walls of the blood vessel and this inflammation weakens the arteries that carry blood to the heart. The symptoms of the disease include skin rash with fever swelling of hands, throat, and red eyes. It normally affects children under the age of five. In a serious condition, there is also a possibility of heart failure or heart attack. Thus, it could prove to be fatal.

The cause of the infection is unknown and is usually see in Asia.

Kawasaki’s link with novel Coronavirus

According to the report, an Italian hospital began to see an increase in symptoms reminiscent of Kawasaki in February, prompting doctors there to suspect a link with the explosive coronavirus outbreak. Also, a lot of children in the US and UK have shown a combination of symptoms connected to Kawasaki disease and Covid-19. These instances suggest that the novel Coronavirus may be a trigger for some children to develop Kawasaki disease and there is a possible link between the two diseases.

The “coronavirus family might represent one of the triggers of Kawasaki disease … being a particularly virulent strain able to elicit a powerful immune response in the host,” the doctors wrote.

However, a lot of children identified with Kawasaki disease have not been tested for Covid-19. Thus, scientists and doctors are still unsure about the connection between the two ailments.

The geographical spread of Kawasaki

New York is currently investigating at least 110 reported cases of young children experiencing symptoms of Kawasaki, possibly due to Coronavirus. Children in Bergamo, northern Italy which is particularly hit by Coronavirus have been confirmed with Kawasaki disease. The U.K. has seen an increase in previously healthy children displaying severe inflammatory symptoms, according to a Centers for Disease Control health alert.

Some children in France and Britain with the Kawasaki disease have also been shown to carry the coronavirus.

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