Member of revolutionary organisation Anushilan Samiti, comrade of Bhagat Singh, Jatin Das was born on 27 October 1904 in Calcutta.
While a student at Calcutta’s Vidyasagar College, Das was arrested by the police for his anti-government activities. He was held at the Mymensingh Central Jail. While lodged at the jail, he started a hunger strike protesting against the poor treatment accorded to political prisoners.
After 20 days of strike, the Superintendent of the jail apologised and Das withdrew his fast.
Once he was released from prison, he got in touch with the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and learnt bomb-making.
In the Lahore Conspiracy Case, many young revolutionaries including Bhagat Singh and Das were arrested following the murder of police officer J P Saunders.The revolutionaries started a hunger strike in the Lahore Jail demanding better treatment. They wanted to be treated as political prisoners and asked for better and hygienic conditions.
Jatin Das continued his hunger strike for 63 days. When his condition deteriorated, the jail authorities recommended his release to the government. But the government rejected it and said he could be released on bail.
Two Indian members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly resigned and Motilal Nehru moved an adjournment motion in the Central Legislative Assembly. The motion was passed by 55 votes against 47.
Jatin Das was a real Hero of India’s freedom struggle. He refused to surrender. He never ever wrote an apology letter like RSS people.
Listed below are facts you should know about the freedom fighter:
- He was born in Calcutta on October 27, 1904
- He was a bright student and passed the Matriculation and Intermediate examinations in the First Division
- He joined the Anushilan Samiti, a revolutionary group in Bengal, and also participated in Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation movement in 1921, at the tender age of just 17
- While pursuing BA at Vidyasagar College in Calcutta, in November 1925, he was arrested for political activities and was jailed at the Mymensingh Central Jail, where he resorted to hunger strike to protest against the ill-treatment meted out to political prisoners. After fasting for twenty days, the Jail
- Superintendent apologised and he gave up the fast
- Revolutionaries in other parts of India contacted him and he agreed to participate in bomb-making for Bhagat Singh and comrades
- On June 14, 1929, he was arrested for revolutionary activities and was imprisoned in Lahore jail along with Bhagat Singh and others to be tried under the supplementary Lahore Conspiracy Case
- In the Lahore jail, Das began a hunger strike along with other revolutionary fighters on June 15, 1929, demanding equality for Indian political prisoners with those from Europe
- On the 50th anniversary of his martyrdom, the Indian Post paid homage to the memory of the young revolutionary by issuing a special postage stamp.