November 1, 1956, is the day on which the present landscape known as Tamil Nadu was carved out from erstwhile Madras Province after States Reorganisation Act, 1956 came into force, redrawing boundaries along linguistic lines.
The Tamil Nadu Formation Day was first celebrated in 2019. Tamil Nadu is the eleventh-largest state in India by area and the sixth-most populous. The state was ranked sixth among states in India according to the Human Development Index in 2011, with the second-largest state economy after Maharashtra.
Tamil Nadu is the second-largest state economy in India with Rs 4,789 billion (US$71 billion) in gross domestic product. The state was ranked as one of the top seven developed states in India based on a “Multidimensional Development Index” in a 2013 report published by the Reserve Bank of India. Its official language is Tamil, which is one of the longest-surviving classical languages in the world.
Every year August 22 is also observed as Madras Day. The day commemorates the founding of the city of Madras, which was founded on August 22, 1639. This land, initially called Chennapattinam, Madraspatanam, soon became Madras and then Chennai. Madras Day was an idea that three people put together – the city’s famed historian, S. Muthiah, journalist Sashi Nair and publisher Vincent D’ Souza. Later, they have been joined by three others – senior journalist and editor Sushila Ravindranath, journalist and website entrepreneur Revathi R and entrepreneur and writer-historian V. Sriram
Interesting facts about Tamil Nadu:
- The trend of the banking sector in the country was initiated by the Tamilians. They started certain banking institutions like Indian Overseas Bank, Indian Bank, The United India Insurance etc for the smooth transaction of the money. Even the credit and debit system of banking was also introduced by them.
- Myanmar owes Tamilians their one-third of the rice fields. As many years back, Tamil Nadu was in major trade with Burma and Ceylon to enhance their economy. Tamil Nadu was also involved in direct with some of the European nations.
- Tamil Nadu has much diversity in dialects in its region. Interestingly, the slang spoken in Chennai and the interiors of Chennai are different.
- Tamilians prefer to grow rice in their filed rather than wheat and hence their staple food is rice and not chapattis.
- The state has a spectacular reservation policy for its citizens. The Brahmins and the high castes are not covered under it, rest 90% of this state population comes under the reservation quota.