Constitution Day, also known as Samvidhan diwas, is being celebrated across the country to mark the adoption of the Indian Constitution by the Constituent Assembly on this day in 1949.
Amidst long cheers, on this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly passed the Constitution of India which came into effect exactly two months later on January 26, 1950. In free India, a committee was tasked with the job of drafting the Indian Constitution, Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was elected as Chairman of Drafting Committee.
November 26, which was earlier celebrated as Law Day, marks the day when India had adopted its Constitution back in 1949, more than two years after attaining independence from the British rule. On November 26, 1949, the Constituent assembly had met and with loud and prolonged cheers and thumping of desks greeted the passing of the Constitution.
Here we list a few facts you must know about the Constitution of India and the Constitution Day:
After the Constitution was passed, the historic session of the Constituent Assembly ended with the singing of the National Anthem “Jana-gana-mana adhinayaka Jai Hey, Bharat Bhagya Vidhata,” by Purnima Banerjee, a veteran freedom fighter and sister of the late freedom fighter, Aruna Asaf Ali.
The Constitution of India was not typed or printed! It was a handwritten document. Prem Behari, a calligraphist, penned down the constitution without asking for a single penny.
The government of India, through a gazette notification on November 19, 2015, declared November 26 as the Constitution Day.
Rajendra Prasad (President, Constituent Assembly) gave a thundering speech on the day the Constitution passed.