Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day 2023: On February 20, 1987, Arunachal Pradesh, one of India’s northeastern states, became a fully-fledged state. Formerly known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA), it was created from that territory. The state’s nickname is “Land of the Rising Sun.” Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day is commemorated annually on February 20, the day the state received its name. The state capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar. Arunachal Pradesh is the largest of the seven sister states of Northeast India in terms of land area.
Arunachal Pradesh shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east, and a disputed border with China at the McMahon Line in the north. It is bordered to the south by the northeastern states of Assam and Nagaland. The state’s border with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region is 1,129 kilometres long. On Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day 2023, let’s explore in depth about the state’s history and the significance of the day.
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Date of the Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day in 2023
On February 20, 2023, Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day will be observed.
History of Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day
In 1954, the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) was founded, and until 1960, Sino-Indian ties were amicable. The renewal of the border dispute in 1962 was the primary cause of the Sino-Indian War. During the 1962 Sino-Indian War, the Chinese People’s Army conquered and temporarily ruled a significant portion of Arunachal Pradesh. In 1963, however, China declared victory, retreated to the McMahon Line, and repatriated Indian prisoners of war. According to historical sources, Bibhabasu Das Shastri, the Director of Research, and K.A.A. Raja, the Chief Commissioner of Arunachal Pradesh, called the NEFA Arunachal Pradesh on January 20, 1972, and it became a union territory. Arunachal Pradesh became a state on February 20, 1987; since then, Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day has been celebrated annually to commemorate the state’s establishment.
Significance of Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day
Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day is a significant event in the state’s history. Several events are held across the state on this day to highlight the uniqueness of the northeastern state. Arunachal Pradesh offers India’s greatest variety of mammals and birds. The state is home to around 750 species of birds and over 200 species of animals. Arunachal Pradesh includes 26 major tribes, including sub-tribes, each with its own set of traditions and customs, resulting in a truly diverse culture.