Among all the non-communicable diseases, heart attacks have become the most fatal in this era when medical science has developed so much that almost every ailment has a treatment. The year 2016 witnessed around 28 per cent of total death due to cardiac arrests in India. According to the latest study, the number of deaths due to heart attacks has doubled when compared to the deaths recorded in the 1990s. During 1990s around 15 per cent of total deaths were recorded due to heart failures.
Deaths due to cardiovascular diseases in India increased from 1.3 million in 1990 to 2.8 million in 2016. The majority of fatality was witnessed among people less than 70-year-old in 2016. According to a new study done by The Lancet, 17.8 per cent of deaths are due to Ischemic heart disease whereas, 7.1 per cent of deaths are due to heart strokes. Rheumatic heart disease causes 1.1 per cent of total deaths. However, 38 per cent of total deaths in the world is recorded in India.
The cardiac issues prevailed in about 54.5 million people in 2016, while in 1990, the number of patients ailing from cardiac issues was 25.7 million that is half of what it was in 2016. The strokes are common in both men and women while hardening of arteries was more common in men compared to women.