The Coronavirus outbreak has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The government and medical health organization around the world are doing their part to reduce the spread of disease and find a cure to it.
Amidst the outbreak, the word glossary is filled words that must be new to you people so here we are to help you out to know about the meaning of all the words that are being used in the Coronavirus outbreak.
The name of the latest type of Coronavirus that causes respiratory illness. This type of disease was first identified in China’s Wuhan City in January 2020.
Community transmission is a chain of transmission among those without travel history and the source of the transmission is difficult to find.
Quarantine is “strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease”. People are put in quarantine not because they are currently sick, but have been or may have been exposed to a communicable disease. Keeping them in quarantine can help stop the spread of the disease.
A worldwide spread of a new disease. A Pandemic is declared when a new disease for which people do not have immunity spreads around the world. According to Merriam Webster, Pandemic is defined as something “occurring over a wide geographic area and affecting an exceptionally high proportion of the population.”
Those who suspect that they may be infected by the virus, remain at home to avoid human contact with other peoples as much as possible to reduce the spread of the virus.
An action is taken to mitigate the spread of the disease thus reducing people’s contact with each other. Some of these include closing schools, offices encouraging staff to work from home thus reducing large public gatherings.
The increase in the cases of a particular disease in a particular geographical region. As per definition by Merriam Webster, an epidemic is “an outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of the population.”
The number of cases of a particular disease exceeding what is normally expected.
The constant presence of a disease among a particular population within a certain area.
Coronavirus has killed over 4000 people across the world. After originating in China’s Wuhan city, it has spread over 100 countries and territories. The virus has infected 113,702 people globally in three months since January this year. The World Health Organisation said that it is a never before seen a pandemic at curable at the same time.