अब आप न्यूज्ड हिंदी में पढ़ सकते हैं। यहाँ क्लिक करें
Home » Information » Dr Manmohan Singh: Biography, education, political career of former Prime Minister of India

Dr Manmohan Singh: Biography, education, political career of former Prime Minister of India

The first Sikh in office, Manmohan Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.

By Newsd
Published on :
Manmohan Singh Birthday: 10 lesser-known facts about the former Prime Minister

Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was admitted to AIIMS New Delhi Sunday, May 10 night after he complained of uneasiness and was under observation of doctors.

Singh, 87, was taken to AIIMS Cardiac Care Unit and doctors said they were observing his condition.

He was later shifted to a private room and remains under observation. Sources said the former PM complained of uneasiness and was advised to get medics care at AIIMS.

Dr Manmohan Singh is an Indian economist, academic, and politician who served as the 13th Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. The first Sikh in office, Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.

Manmohan Singh family

Manmohan Singh was born on September 26, 1932, in a family of Shri Gurmukh Singh & Smt. Amrit Kaur in Gah, Punjab. During Partition, his family travelled to Amritsar in India. In the year 1958, Manmohan Singh married Gursharan Kaur. They are blessed with 3 daughters, Amrit Singh, Daman Singh, and Upinder Singh.

Manmohan Singh education and early life

  • Manmohan Singh studied at the Hindu college. He was a luminous student & stood 1st all along with his educational career. He accomplished his bachelor’s & master’s degree from Punjab University in the year 1952 and in 1954, respectively.
  • In 1957, he bagged Honour’s degree in Economics from the University of Cambridge and in 1962 he completed his D.Phil. in Economics from Nuffield College, Oxford University. Then he returned to India and went to work for the United Nations Conference on Trade & Development from 1966 – 1969.
  • In 1969, Manmohan Singh became a Professor of International Trade at Delhi School of Economics. In 1972, Manmohan Singh was Chief Economic Adviser in Ministry of Finance & in 1976 he was the Secretary in the Finance Ministry. In 1980 – 1982 Manmohan Singh was at the Planning Commission, and in the year 1982, he was appointed the Governor of Reserve Bank of India under Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee.
  • Later, he became the deputy chairman of the Planning Commission of India from 1985 to 1987. In 1991, he became the Chairman of the Union Public Services Commission and consequently became Chairman of the University Grants Commission.

Professional Career of Manmohan Singh

  • Manmohan Singh served as a Senior Lecturer in Economics for the period 1957 – 1959.
  • Manmohan Singh was a Reader from 1959 – 1963.
  • Manmohan Singh was a Professor from 1963 – 1965.
  • In the year 1966, Manmohan Singh was Honorary Professor at Delhi School of Economics
  • Manmohan Singh worked with UNCTD from 1966 to 1969.
  • Manmohan Singh served in International Trade as a Professor from 1969 – 1971
  • Manmohan Singh was appointed by Shri Lalit Narayan Mishra as an advisor of Ministry of Foreign Trade
  • Manmohan Singh was the Professor of International Trade in the year 1969 at Delhi School of Economics
  • In the year 1972, Manmohan Singh became the Chief Economic Advisor to the Ministry of Finance
  • Manmohan Singh was the Secretary in Ministry of Finance in 1976
  • In the year 1976, Manmohan Singh was the Honorary Professor at Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • For the period 1976 – 1980, Manmohan Singh was the Director of Reserve Bank of India
  • For the period 1976 – 1980, Manmohan Singh was the Director of Industrial Development Bank of India
  • For the period 1982 – 1985, Manmohan Singh served as the Governor of RBI
  • For the period 1985 – 1987, Manmohan Singh served as Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission
  • For the period 1987 – 1990, Manmohan Singh was serving as the Secretary-General of the South Commission
  • Manmohan Singh was the Union Public Commission’s Chairman in the year 1991 & thereafter became the University Grants Commission’s Chairman.
  • He was the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014.

Finance Minister of India:

In 1991, India’s then-Prime Minister, P.V. Narasimha Rao, chose Singh to be the Finance Minister. At the time, India was facing an economic crisis. Rao and Singh implemented policies to open up the economy and change the socialist economic system to a capitalist economy. The economic reform package included dismantling Licence Raj that made it difficult for private businesses to exist and prosper, removal of many obstacles for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and initiating the process of the privatization of public sector companies. These economic reforms are credited with bringing high levels of economic growth in India, and changing the annual 3%, to an average of 8–9% economic growth in the following years. However, in spite of these reforms, Rao’s government was voted out in 1996 due to non-performance of government in other areas.

Career in the Rajya Sabha:

Singh was first elected to the upper house of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha, in 1991 and was re-elected in 2001 and 2007. From 1998 to 2004, while the Bharatiya Janata Party was in power, Singh was the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha. He currently represents Rajasthan in the Upper House of Parliament In 1999, he ran for the Lok Sabha from South Delhi but was unable to win the seat.

On being called a “silent PM”

Taking on his critics for calling him a “silent PM”, the former prime minister said he was never afraid of putting his views across,including through media interactions.

On the criticism of being silent, Singh said: “People say I was a silent Prime Minister. I think these volumes speak for themselves. I would certainly like to say that I was not the Prime Minister who was afraid of talking to the press – I met the press regularly, and on every foreign trip I undertook, I had a press conference in the plane, or immediately after landing. So there are a large number of those press conferences whose results are also described (in the book),” as per an Indian Express report.

Achievements & Awards of Manmohan Singh

  • 2000: Manmohan Singh was conferred  Annasaheb Chirmule Award by the W.LG. alias Annasaheb Chirmule Trust setup by United Western Bank Limited, Satara, Maharashtra
  • 1999: Manmohan Singh received  H.H. Kanchi Sri Paramacharya Award for Excellence
  • 1999: Manmohan Singh received Fellow of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences New Delhi
  • 1997: Manmohan Singh was conferred Lokmanya Tilak Award by the Tilak Smarak Trust, Pune
  • 1997: Manmohan Singh received Justice K.S. Hegde Foundation Award for 1996
  • 1997: Manmohan Singh awarded Nikkei Asia Prize for Regional Growth by Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc. 1996: Manmohan Singh became Honorary Professor, Delhi School of Economics
  • 1995: Manmohan Singh received Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award of Indian Science Congress Association for 1994 – 95
  • 1994: Manmohan Singh received Asia money Award for Finance Minister of the Year
  • 1994: He was elected as Distinguished Fellow, Centre for Asia Economy, London School of Economics, Politics & Society
  • 1994: Manmohan Singh was elected Honorary Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford
  • 1994: Manmohan Singh was elected as the Honorary Fellow, All India Management Association
  • 1993: Manmohan Singh was awarded the Euromoney Award, Finance Minister of the year
  • 1993: Manmohan Singh was awarded Asiamoney Award, Finance Minister of the Year
  • 1987: Manmohan Singh was awarded Padma Vibhushan by the President of India
  • 1986: Manmohan Singh was awarded National Fellow, National Institute of Education by N.C.E.R.T.
  • 1985: Manmohan Singh was elected President, Indian Economic Association
  • 1982: Manmohan Singh was elected Honorary Fellow, St. John’s College, Cambridge
  • 1982: Manmohan Singh was elected Honorary Fellow, Indian Institute of bankers
  • 1956: Manmohan Singh was awarded Adam Smith Prize, University of Cambridge, U.K.
  • 1955: Manmohan Singh was awarded Wright’s Prize for distinguished performance
  • 1954: Manmohan Singh was awarded Uttar Chand Kapur Medal for standing first in M.A.(Economics), Panjab University, Chandigarh
  • 1952: University Medal for standing First in B.A. Hon., Panjab University

Manmohan Singh Books

Manmohan Singh wrote a book named India’s Export Trends & Prospects for Self – Sustained Growth in 1964. He also wrote multiple articles that were published in a range of economics journals.

Former PM Manmohan Singh admitted to AIIMS in Delhi after complaining of chest pain