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Exploring Solar Storms: Past Events and Their Impact on Earth

In 1859, the first solar flare was spotted, which is still the most powerful solar storm on record and triggered auroras all over the world.

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Exploring Solar Storms

Exploring Solar Storms: Earth’s magnetosphere is disturbed by solar storms, also known as geomagnetic storms, caused by the interaction between the solar wind and the magnetic field.

It is expected that the Earth will be hit by these conditions this weekend. This will be the first G5 (extreme) condition since 2003, which has the potential to affect various systems and technologies.

Flares are also responsible for causing the Northern Lights, or aurora borealis.

History of solar storms

In 1859, the first solar flare was spotted, which is still the most powerful solar storm on record and triggered auroras all over the world.

There was a switchboard fire in Chicago in November 1882 as a result of a geomagnetic storm that caused auroral displays and affected telegraph systems in the US and UK.

In October 1903, a significant solar storm disrupted communications, causing voltage spikes in Chicago’s telephone lines and affecting London’s telegraph system.

An intense geomagnetic storm caused widespread auroras, fires, and severe disruptions to telegraph services in North America and Europe in May 1921.

A massive solar storm lasting 10 days disrupted radio communications across North and Central America, the Caribbean, and Europe in January 1938.

Solar storms in August 1972 disrupted electrical and communications grids across North America, disrupted satellites, and even detonated US naval mines near North Vietnam accidentally.

A geomagnetic storm in March 1989 caused communications blackouts, a major power outage in Quebec, Canada, and a loss of locational information for over 1,000 space objects.

Within one week, a series of large radiation storms forced astronauts to shelter in the furthest interior of the International Space Station.

Power systems were damaged by the Bastille Day Flare in July 2000.

Solar storms on Halloween 2003 caused problems for deep space and near-Earth space missions, rerouting operators and disrupting satellite systems.

Also Read: SBI Surya Ghar Scheme for Solar Rooftop Financing – Everything You Need to Know

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