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Jharkhand Foundation Day: Date, history and facts about the state

On 15 November 2000, the Chota Nagpur region was separated from Bihar to form Jharkhand state i.e. the 28th state of India.

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Jharkhand Foundation Day: Jharkhand, known as ‘The land of forest” or ‘Bushland’ is situated in northeastern India. Presently, Jharkhand state shares its border with Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east. On 15 November 2000, the Chota Nagpur region was separated from Bihar to form Jharkhand state i.e. the 28th state of India.

Jharkhand Foundation Day: History

Jharkhand carved out from Bihar in 2000. Previously, it was a part of the southern half of Bihar. It is the homeland of the tribal’s who had dreamed of a separate state for a long. After independence, people of Jharkhand state received a little socioeconomic benefit, particularly tribal peoples.

The State of Jharkhand comprises forests of Chhotanagpur plateau and Santhal Pargana and has different cultural traditions. After independence, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha’s regular agitation impelled the government to establish the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995 and finally an independent State.

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Some more facts regarding Jharkhand State: 

  • Jharkhand state is rich in mineral resources like coal, iron ore, copper ore, uranium, mica, bauxite, granite, limestone, silver, graphite, magnetite, and dolomite.
  • According to the data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Jharkhand state has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth US$ 113 million from April 2000 to December 2018.
  • 80% rural population of the Jharkhand state depends upon agriculture for their livelihood.
  • The major food crop of the Jharkhand state is rice.
  • The most prominent multipurpose power project of Jharkhand is the Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC)
  • The high court is in Ranchi, with a chief justice and several other judges. Below high courts; district courts, sub-divisional courts, munsifs’ courts, and village councils are there.
  • Jharkhand has more than 500 medical centers. Some large and well-equipped hospitals are located at Jamshedpur, Ranchi, and Dhanbad. Cancer hospital is situated in Jamshedpur. Treatment of tuberculosis, mental illness and leprosy are located near Ranchi.
  • The leading causes of death in the state are respiration problems, dysentery, and diarrhea. On the other hand Cholera and malaria also occur.
  • The State has several universities including Ranchi University, Birsa Agriculture University, Sido Kanhu Murmu University, Vinoba Bhave University.
  • The most recognised dance of Jharkhand is Chhau which is a masked dance basically performed in the southeastern region. Other tribal celebrations include a festival of flowers known as Sarhul, a cattle festival known as Sohrai, and a post-harvest festival called Mage Parab.

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