Lohri is one of the first Hindu festivals of the year and is believed to mark the end of winter solstice. The festival is primarily celebrated by Hindus and Sikhs throughout the country and more so in Punjab.
According to the historic Indian calendar, Bikrami, Lohri is celebrated a day earlier to another Indian festival Makar Sankranti.
The festival is observed with different titles across India. Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Tai Pongal in Kerala and Bihu in Assam.
According to legends, the day is celebrated for it announces the arrival of summer the longer days. The origins are believed to trace back to the Indus Valley Civilisation.
The festival first kicked off to celebrate the last night before Winter Solstice but due to the harshness of winters people started to protect selves by sitting around fire and soon it became a tradition.
For various crops the event marks the harvesting time for Rabi.
According to the calendar, the auspicious time to perform poojan begins from 5:41 pm and will end at 7:04 pm on January 13.
Days before the festival, people start gathering to sing folk songs.
On the festival day, an image of Lohiri is made under wood with the aid of cow down and is kept for worshiping. People worship for a good crop harvest season. People orbit around the fire, pouring grains like maize and wheat.
After the worshiping ends, offering of various food articles such as jaggery, popcorn, peanuts are made.
There is also a tradition to make maize roti along with mustard.