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Home » World » National Sovereignty and Children’s Day 2024 (Turkey): History, FAQs, Dates, and Activities

National Sovereignty and Children’s Day 2024 (Turkey): History, FAQs, Dates, and Activities

April 23 is National Sovereignty and Children's Day in Turkey, honoring children worldwide and marking the establishment of a new republic in 1923.

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National Sovereignty and Children's Day 2024 (Turkey) History, FAQs, Dates, and Activities
Source: National Today

National Sovereignty and Children’s Day 2024 (Turkey): April 23 is National Sovereignty and Children’s Day, an exceptional public holiday in Turkey (“Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı”). The inaugural president of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, proclaimed April 23 a day honoring all children worldwide, who guardians and shapers of the future. Additionally, the day marks the establishment of a novel Turkish republic in 1923, subsequent to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Turkey is the only nation, as far as we are aware, in which minors serve as the official representations of national pride and advancement. In our opinion, additional nations ought to emulate their approach.

National Sovereignty and Children’s Day History

The inception can be traced back to April 23, 1920, on the eve of the Turkish Independence War. The Grand National Assembly gathered in Ankara following the fall of the Ottoman Empire to determine the course of action for the nascent Turkish republic. In 1921, Turkey proclaimed the day a national holiday, designating it as the inaugural national holiday of the nascent nation.

Consequently, how did a national holiday come to be associated with Children’s Day? It is the debt of the world to the originator and first president of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. April 23 was designated for the children of Turkey on April 23, 1927, in recognition of the fact that they represent the future.

Since that time, thousands of children from various nations have been embraced and hosted in the country on this day. It is an entirely unique holiday, as on public holidays, solemn official ceremonies and lively children’s festivals coexist. Moreover, for one day, Turkish schoolchildren assume power in the Parliament and administer the nation. Annually, the symbolic action recognizes the potential of young individuals to mold a more promising future. A President is elected by the children and delivers an address to the nation via national television.

Special attention is devoted to commemorations by the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation. The state-owned organization extends invitations to minors from various nations to visit Turkey. Children between the ages of eight and fourteen spend a week with Turkish families, during which they share cultural traditions and anecdotes. Seven days of celebrations, cuisine, and music. On April 23, everyone assembles for a spectacular performance to conclude the week-long celebrations.

Turkey observes National Sovereignty and Children’s Day alongside the rest of the world. Today not only commemorates the remarkable expedition of the Turkish Republic but also anticipates a bright future for children around the globe.

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FAQs Regarding National sovereignty and Children’s Day

Who celebrates Children’s Day on June 1st?

During the 1925 World Conference on Child Welfare in Geneva, the inaugural International Children’s Day was proclaimed. Since 1950, it has been observed on June 1 in the majority of communist and post-communist countries.

The originator of Children’s Day?

Children’s Day was first observed globally on November 20, 1954. The day advocates for the unity and well-being of children worldwide and for child welfare.

When did the celebration of Children’s Day in Turkey begin?

April 23, 1924, was the official date of the Grand National Assembly in Turkey. A children’s week was also coordinated by the nation during the same period.

National sovereignty and Children’s Day: A Guide to Observance

Exhibit some affection

Commemorate the occasion in spirit, notwithstanding your inability to physically visit Turkey. Today, dedicate meaningful time to the youngsters in your life. Make every effort to ensure that the day is memorable.

Discuss the matter.

Almost everyone ought to be aware of this magnificent public holiday. Disseminate information via email or social media in order to maximize its reach.

Contribute to a children’s charity

In remembrance of the late Turkish president, assist disadvantaged children. Sponsor a child’s education, purchase them presents, or volunteer as a mentor.


Year Date Day
2024 April 23 Tuesday
2025 April 23 Wednesday
2026 April 23 Thursday
2027 April 23 Friday
2028 April 23 Sunday