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Oscar Wilde Biography: Birthday, Early Life, Career, Facts

In Ireland, Wilde's father, Sir William Wilde, was a renowned ophthalmologist and audiologist.

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Oscar Wilde Biography

Oscar Wilde Biography: Oscar Wilde, an Irish playwright, writer, poet, and essayist, was born into an affluent household on October 16, 1854. His plays and epigrams, in addition to the novel “The Picture of Dorian Gray,” are his most renowned works. The criminal conviction and subsequent imprisonment he received for consensual homosexual encounters involving flagrant indecency are additional factors that have contributed to his notoriety. During his time at Trinity College, Dublin, he was profoundly affected by the aesthetic movement, which advocated for the creation of works of art for their own sake. As a result, he rapidly converted into an ardent advocate of this artistic movement. Despite being recognized as an emerging poet with the publication of his debut collection “Poems,” he did not attain substantial acclaim until the final decade of his limited existence.

Oscar Wilde Biography:

Early Years

Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde, more commonly referred to as Oscar Wilde, was born in Dublin, Ireland. Libra is the sign of his zodiac. Jane Francesca Agnes Wilde and Sir William Robert Wills Wilde were his parents. His father was an aural and eye surgeon of renown. He also authored works concerning folklore, medicine, and archaeology. Because of his contributions to the Irish censuses, he was knighted in 1864. His poet mother published poetry under the pseudonym “Speranza,” which translates to “hope.” Being an advocate for Irish nationalism, she authored a number of works that were both pro-Ireland and anti-British. Irish folklore captivated her in particular, and she advocated for the education of women.

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Oscar Wilde Career

Wilde received his early education at home under the guidance of a French caregiver and a German governess until the age of nine. He learned French and German from them. In 1864, he matriculated into the residential Portora Royal School, located in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh. Awarded as the preeminent Classics student in his final two years, he cultivated a specialization in Greek and Roman studies during this time. Wilde received a Royal School Scholarship to Trinity College, Dublin, to study classics after graduating from Portora in 1871. He established himself promptly as one of the top students here.

On May 29, 1884, Wilde wed Constance Lloyd, the progeny of Horace Lloyd, an affluent Queen’s Counsel. They had two sons; their names were Cyril and Vyvyan. However, despite being married and having children, he had been in a homosexual relationship. After this information was made public, he received a two-year prison sentence. After his release from prison, he fled to France, where he spent his final years estranged from his family and rejected by the majority of his acquaintances. His plays were also terminated at that time, and sales of his novels had ceased. Thus, he endured destitution and poor health until his death from encephalitis at the age of 46.


  • In Ireland, Wilde’s father, Sir William Wilde, was a renowned ophthalmologist and audiologist.
  • Despite not having formally divorced, during Wilde’s incarceration, his wife, Constance, altered both her surname and that of their children in an effort to avert the scandal.
  • Prior to his death in Paris in 1900, Wilde made the decision to embrace the Catholic faith.
  • When publishing her work, she allegedly used a pen name to conceal her true identity from her family.
  • Wilde was found guilty of sodomy and subsequently imposed a term of hard labor in Pentonville Prison subsequent to his endeavor to initiate legal proceedings against John Douglas for libel.


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