Petrol in India costs more than it does in the US as well as neighbouring Pakistan and Sri Lanka, but is cheaper than in Europe. Diesel rates, on the other hand, are the cheapest in India.
Petrol in the national capital costs Rs 68.46 per litre as compared with Rs 53.32 a litre in Pakistan, Rs 61.56 in Sri Lanka and Rs 62.25 in Bangladesh.
Nepal, which imports all of its fuel from India, sells petrol at Rs 74.77 a litre, Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas, RPN Singh said in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.
Petrol in the US costs Rs 50.44 a litre. But in Europe, the fuel is much costlier — Rs 105.10 in France, Rs 111.03 in Germany, Rs 114.42 in United Kingdom and Rs 119.69 a litre in Italy.
On the other hand, diesel price of Rs 41.32 a litre in the national capital is lower than Rs 59.56 in Pakistan, Rs 41.36 in Sri Lanka, Rs 49.08 in Bangladesh and Rs 57.91 in Nepal.
In the US, diesel is priced at Rs 54.55 a litre, while it costs Rs 77.84 in France, Rs 83.36 in Germany, Rs 99.38 in UK and Rs 93.11 in Italy.
“Whereas the price of petrol in India is comparable to many of the countries, the price of diesel in India is lower in comparison to the neighbouring and European countries,” Singh said.
The difference in rates of petrol and diesel is most due to tax structure — while the government levies Rs 14.78 per litre excise duty on petrol, the levy on diesel is just Rs 2.06 a litre.
Within India, petrol is costliest in Kolkata at Rs 76.15 due to high incidence of local sales tax or VAT. It is lowest in Panjim where it is priced