Muhammad Iqbal who was widely known as Allama Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, Punjab (now in Punjab, Pakistan).
He was a renowned poet and philosopher, remembered for his famous poem ‘Sare Jahan se Accha’ which is even after over 110 years remain as truly one of the most prominent patriotic poems.
On this day, we remember the great poet and philosopher, whose writings remain afresh in minds of people even after decades the world lost him on 21 April 1938.
- Sir Muhammad Iqbal, popularly called as Allama Iqbal, is known for inspiring the Pakistan Movement and is one of the most important figures in Urdu literature.
- Asrar-e-Khudi: His first poetry book was written in Persian and talks about the philosophy of religion.
- Iqbal was knighted by King George V knighted 1922, he recieved the title of “Sir”.
- Iqbal was honoured with the Khan Bahadurddin FS Jalaluddin medal in the year 1897 for an outstanding result in the Arabic language.
- In 1895, Iqbal married Karim Bibi, followed by his second marriage with Sardar Begum, and his third wedding took place in 1914 with Mukhtar Begum.
- Iqbal qualified for a scholarship from the Trinity College, University of Cambridge and obtained a Bachelor of Arts in 1906.
- Iqbal earned his Doctor of Philosophy degree from the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, two years later.
- He was known as Mufakkir-e-Pakistan or “The Thinker of Pakistan” and Hakeem-ul-Ummat or “The Sage of the Ummah”. The Pakistan Government named him as their national poet.
- He was a critic of the conventional Indian National Congress and believed in the independent Muslim philosophy of Mohammad Ali Jouhar and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
- Allama Iqbal died in Lahore in 1938, after suffering for a considerable period. His tomb is located in Hazuri Bagh, Lahore.
- His tomb is located in Hazuri Bagh, Lahore.