Muqtida Hasan Nida Fazli known as Nida Fazli (12 October 1938 – 08 February 2016), was a prominent Indian Hindi and Urdu poet, lyricist and dialogue writer. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 2013 by the government of India for his contribution to literature.
Born in Delhi, India into a Kashmiri family, Nida Fazli grew up in Gwalior, where he attended school and subsequently studied English literature. His father was also an Urdu poet. During the partitioning of India, his parents migrated to Pakistan, but Fazli decided to stay in India.
While still young, Fazli was passing by a Hindu temple where a bhajan singer was singing a composition of Surdas about Radha sharing her sorrow with her maids at being separated from her beloved Krishna. The poetic beauty of the Pad, relating to the close rapport and bonding between human beings, inspired Nida to begin writing poems.
During that period, he felt that there were limitations in Urdu poetry. He absorbed the essence of Mir and Ghalib to express what he intended. He was fascinated by the lyrical mood of Meera and Kabir & widened his knowledge of poetry by studying T. S. Eliot, Gogol and Anton Chekhov.
He moved to Mumbai in search of a job in 1964. In the early days of his career, he wrote in Dharmayug and Blitz. His poetic style attracted the notice of filmmakers and writers of Hindi and Urdu literature. He was often invited to Mushairas, the prestigious recitation sessions of one’s own poetry. He became known among readers and ghazal singers for his elegant presentation & exclusive use of colloquial language for ghazals, dohaas and nazms.
He wrote the famous couplet: ‘Duniya jise kehte hain jadoo ka Khilona hai Mil jaye to mitti hai kho jaaye to sona hai’. Some of his famous film songs include Aa bhi jaa (Sur), Tu is tarah se meri zindagi mein (Aap To Aise Na The) and Hosh waalon ko khabar Kya (Sarfarosh). He wrote essays critical of contemporary poets of the sixties in his book Mulaqatein which outraged poets including Sahir Ludhianvi, Ali Sardar Jafri and Kaifi Azmi. As a result, he was boycotted in some poetic sessions. His career improved when Kamal Amrohi, a filmmaker, approached him. The original songwriter Jan Nisar Akhtar working on the film Razia Sultan (1983) had died before completing the project. Nida wrote the final two songs and attracted other Hindi filmmakers.
His celebrated lyrics were also used in Aap to aise na the, Is Raat Ki Subah Nahin (1996) and Gudiya. He wrote the title song of TV serials like Sailaab, Neem ka Ped, Jaane Kya Baat Huiand Jyoti. The composition “Koi Akela Kahan” is another popular composition sung by Kavita Krishnamurthy. His ghazals and other compositions are sung by notable artists of the day. He teamed up with Jagjit Singh in 1994 to bring an album named Insight, which got appreciation for its soulful poetry and music. Shortly before his death he wrote columns for BBC Hindi website on various contemporary issues and literature. Mirza Ghalib’s works were often mentioned by him.
He published his first collection of Urdu poetry in 1969.
He was honoured with the National Harmony Award for writing on communal harmony. He wrote 24 books in Urdu, Hindi and Gujarati some of which are assigned as school textbooks in Maharashtra. He received the Mir Taqi Mir award for his autobiographical novel ‘Deewaron Ke Bich’ from the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
Fazli died of a heart attack on 08 February 2016.
List of works:
Ab kahan dusro ke dukh me dukhi hone vale
- Lafzon ke phool
- Mor Naach
- Aankh aur Khwab ke Darmiyaan
- Safar mein dhoop to hogi
- khoya hua sa kuch
- Duniya ek khilona hai
- 1998 Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu for Khoya Hua Sa Kuchh (Poetry collection)
- 2003 Star Screen Award for Best Lyricist for Sur
- 2003 Bollywood Movie Award – Best Lyricist for Aa Bhi Ja from Sur
- 2013 Padma Shri by the Government of India.
Aap To Aise Na The (1980)Nakhuda (1981)
Harjaee (1981) Anokha Bandhan (1982)
Razia Sultan (1983) Vijay (1988)
Is Raat Ki Subah Nahin (1996)
Tamanna (1997) – Ghar se masjid hai
Sarfarosh (1999) – “Hoshwalon Ko Khabar”
Sur – The Melody of Life (2002) – (Aa bhi jaa, aye subah aa bhi jaa)’
Dev (2004) Yatra (2006)
As dialogue writer:
Dev (2004) (co-writer)