An Indian revolutionary, Ram Prasad Bismil, who participated in Mainpuri Shadyantra of 1918 and historical Kakori conspiracy Case of 1925 both against the British Empire played a vital role in the Indian Independence. Born on June 11, 1867, we celebrate his 123rd birth anniversary on Thursday.
Bismil was associated with Arya Samaj where he got inspired by Satyarth Prakash by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. As an 18-year-old boy, Bismil was a regular at the Arya Samaj temple in Shahjahanpur and followed the political events closely.
Being a very talented poet, all his poems are the reflection of patriotism. He always wanted to see India as a free nation and dedicated himself to the cause of the country. His company consisted of great freedom fighters like Ashfaqulla Khan, Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagawati Charan, Rajguru, and many more. Ramaprasad used to take advice related to religion and politics from a great patriot and scholar Swami Somadevji.
Amidst his revolutionary life, Bismil wrote and translated eleven books along with numerous pamphlets. Some of his works are ‘America Ko Swadheenta Kaise Mili‘ (1916), ‘Bolshevikon Ki Kartoot‘ (1920), and ‘Catherine‘, a biography of Russian socialist revolutionary, Catherine Breshkovsky. He also published several collections of poetry and wrote for several nationalist newspapers.
It was September 4, 1920, when Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-cooperation Movement. Ram Prasad joined the Swaraj Party and enthusiastically took part in the movement. He further contested election on behalf of it against Hindu communalists. Along with Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, Rajendra Lahiri, Roshan Singh, and Chandrashekar Azad, also participated in the Movement.
Ashfaqullah Khan and Ram Prasad Bismil shared a strong bond of friendship. In his autobiography, Ramprasad Bismil has dedicated an entire chapter on Ashfaqullah Khan, titled “Ashfaq”.
There was an attempt to lure Ashfaq by the Muslim members of British police while both Ashfaq and Bismil were imprisoned for the Kakori Conspiracy case to turn against Bismil and other accused in the Kakori conspiracy case in exchange for a reduced sentence,which was rejected by Ashfaq.
From 1919 to 1920 Bismil remained underground. In 1921 ‘Bismil’ attended Ahmedabad Congress along with a large number of volunteers from Shahjahanpur and played an active role in the Congress with Maulana Hasrat Mohani and got the most debated proposal of Poorn Swaraj passed in the General Body meeting of Congress.
On August 9, 1925, Ram Prasad Bismil along with his fellow followers looted the money of the British government from the train while it was passing through Kakori, Lucknow. Except for Chandrashekhar Azad, all other members of the group were arrested. Ram Prasad Bismil along with others were given capital punishment. This great freedom fighter of India was executed on December 19, 1927.