Every year on October 24, World Polio Day is marked to raise awareness about the polio disease and efforts for eradication. Polio is a highly contagious viral infectious disease which can lead to paralysis, breathing problem or even death.
World Polio Day highlights the importance of polio vaccination and measures to eradicate it. According to the statement of the World Health Organisation (WHO) events will be organized in the city of Cairo, the capital of Egypt to support the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).
In India, in several hospitals, schools, organizations, etc polio drives are expected to organize. People are motivated and information is provided about the simple method of immunization and how it saves them from a lifelong disability.
World Polio Day History
World Polio Day commemorates the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis.
The use of inactivated vaccine of poliovirus and subsequent widespread use of the oral poliovirus which was developed by Albert Sabin led to the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988.
As per WHO, by 2013, GPEI had reduced polio worldwide by 99%. Polio is a fatal infectious disease. There is no cure, but due to safe and effective vaccines, it can be prevented.