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World Soil Day 2019: Theme, history, facts and significance of the day

The theme of World Soil Day 2019 is “Stop Soil Erosion, Save our Future”. The theme focuses on the increasing challenges in soil management and raises the profile of healthy soil

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World Soil Day 2019: Theme, history, facts and significance of the day
World Soil Day is observed on 5 December every year to raise awareness about the importance of soil on Earth and highlight the growing problem due to population expansion.
Soil is made up of minerals, organic matter and air in different proportions. It is important for life as it provides the medium for the growth of a plant, habitat for several insects and other organisms.

World Soil Day 2019 theme

The theme of World Soil Day 2019 is “Stop Soil Erosion, Save our Future”. The theme focuses on the increasing challenges in soil management and raises the profile of healthy soil by encouraging organizations, governments, communities, and individuals around the world to work towards improving the soil health and its conservation.

World Soil Day history

In 2002, the International Union of Soil Sciences recommended celebrating World Soil Day annually on 5 December. Also, FAO supported the formal establishment of World Soil Day as a global awareness-raising platform under the leadership of the Kingdom of Thailand and within the framework of the Global Soil Partnership.

In December 2013, UN General Assembly at the 68th session declared 5 December as World Soil Day. The first World Soil Day was celebrated on 5 December 2014.

World Soil Day significance

The day is celebrated on December 5 because this date corresponds to the birthday of the late H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand. He was one of the main proponents of this initiative.

It also acts as a filtration system for surface water and in the maintenance of atmospheric gases. It is the source of four essential ‘living’ factors including food, clothes, shelter, and medicine.

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