World Tsunami Awareness Day 2020: World Tsunami Day is observed every year on November 5 to promote a global culture of tsunami awareness around the world. It was started by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2015.
Meaning of ‘Tsunami’
The term ‘Tsunami’ is a Japanese term which means “harbour wave”. A tsunami is a series of giant waves caused by earthquakes or undersea volcanic eruptions and underwater landslides.
The deadliest Tsunami ever was recorded in the Indian Ocean in December 2004. It caused an estimated 2.27 lac deaths in 14 countries including India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Indonesia.
World Tsunami Day History
After the 2004 deadliest Tsunami in the Indian Ocean; The United Nations General Assembly designated 5 November as World Tsunami Awareness Day from December 2015. The basic motive of this day is to increase awareness about the Tsunami among over 700 million people live in low-lying coastal areas and Small Islands.
World Tsunami Day 2020 Theme
This years theme will be structured as a 30-day campaign with key events focused on Global Target E of the Sendai Framework: Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020, with a specific focus on two key components essential to the setup and effective maintenance of risk reduction strategies and their adoption by vulnerable communities: scientific expertise and indigenous knowledge and memory.