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Cesar Chávez: Bio, Wiki, Age, Birthday, Height, Death Date

Chávez first became involved in activism in 1947, when he joined the National Farm Labor Union, with whom he would picket a cotton field and take part in a strike against a grape field.

By Sanya Oberoi
Published on :
Cesar Chávez

Cesar Chávez Bio: When Cesar Chávez, born on March 31, 1927, witnessed firsthand the terrible conditions for agricultural workers, he decided he wanted to change how things were — and he did just that. For most of his life, Chávez dedicated himself to accomplishing better pay, benefits, and overall recognition of the legitimacy of agricultural work and founding organisations and committees that ensured the rights of agricultural workers weren’t being violated, like the United Farm Workers of America, which continues to be operative. One of the key figures in 20th-century activism in the U.S.A., his work is commemorated and honoured to this day, and his legacy lives on. We’ll help you celebrate his special day right here.

Cesar Chávez Bio: BACKGROUND

Helping a group of people achieve rights and better living conditions is no easy feat, and Chávez always knew that. Undeterred by the challenges he knew he would face every step of the way, his dedication to doing what’s right showed us what we can do if we set our minds to it. Chávez was born Cesario Estrada Chávez on March 31, 1927, in Yuma, Arizona. His zodiac sign was Aries and his ethnicity was Mexican. He was the son of Librado and Juana Estrada Chávez, who were children of immigrants and named him after his paternal grandfather.

When he was 10 years old, his paternal grandmother died, and the local government auctioned off her farmstead against his father’s will, making his family move to California and become farmworkers, as many did during the Great Depression. It was through this incident that young Chávez was first angered by the injustices that existed in the world. After changing schools many times because of where his parents’ work would take them, he left school at 15 years old to work and help his family. From 1944 to 1946, he served in the United States Navy until he was given an honourable discharge, after which he returned to farm work.

Chávez first became involved in activism in 1947, when he joined the National Farm Labor Union, with whom he would picket a cotton field and take part in a strike against a grape field. In 1952, Chávez helped fellow activist Fred Ross establish a chapter of the Community Service Organization (C.S.O.) in San Jose, California, and was soon voted vice president of it. When he was laid off from his job, he became an organiser in the C.S.O. and travelled through California to set up more chapters. He also worked to increase job opportunities for Mexican-American workers and increase voter registration. In 1959, Chávez became C.S.O.’s national director, leading efforts, like extending the state pension to permanent residents without citizenship and overseeing the financial situation of the organization, but he resigned in 1962.

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Cesar Chávez’s Journey

He then went on to found the National Farm Workers Association (N.F.W.A.) with the key support of fellow activist Dolores Huerta, who would go on to become his lifelong ally. He was elected general director of the Association and established both an insurance policy and a credit union for its members. In 1965 the N.F.W.A. organised its first strike, to make rose grafters who had approached them to get better working conditions, which succeeded.

In the same year, the N.F.W.A. joined with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee to strike against California’s grape growers, which later expanded into a boycott. Chávez drew support for the boycott by leading a visible campaign of nonviolent resistance. During this time, the N.F.W.A. and the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee merged to create the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee, which later became the United Farm Workers of America (U.F.W.). The strike ended successfully in 1970. That same year, Chávez led more strikes, this time to help lettuce cutters, and boycotts. Because one of the lettuce growing companies managed to legally prohibit boycotts against them, Chávez was imprisoned.

His supporters protested this, and he was released soon after. Throughout the decade, Chávez continued to lead efforts to win labour contracts for farmworkers, always doing so with the help of strikes and boycotts. The U.F.W. achieved a major victory in 1975 when California passed the Agricultural Labor Relations Act, which permitted farm workers to unionise and negotiate for better wages and working conditions. In the 1980s, his efforts were also turned towards the dangers of pesticides to farmworkers and their children. Chávez continued his work to better the conditions of agricultural workers until the day he died, in 1993.

Cesar Chávez: Bio, Age, Full Name

Full Name: Cesario Estrada Chávez

Nickname: César

Birth date: March 31, 1927

Death date: April 23, 1993 (age 66)

Zodiac Sign: Aries

Height: 5′ 6″

Cesar Chávez Bio: 5 SURPRISING FACTS

He inspired Obama’s slogan

Chávez and Dolores Huerta coined the phrase “Sí, se Puede” (“Yes, we can do it”) in 1972, which President Obama used as a line in his 2008 election campaign.

Chávez was a vegetarian

He said he stopped eating meat after realising that animals also felt afraid, cold, hungry, and unhappy.

He declined a job from the President

President John F. Kennedy seemed to have offered Chávez the job of head of the Peace Corps for Latin America, but the activist turned it down.

He moved schools often

His parents moved to where their jobs would take them, so young Chávez attended a total of 38 schools.

Chávez has his own film

In 2014, a film about his life, titled “César Chávez,” was released.


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