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Independence Movement Day 2024 (South Korea): FAQs, Dates, History, Activities, and Facts About Korea

Independence Movement Day 2024 in South Korea commemorates the 1919 protests against Japanese occupation, involving two million individuals and the reading of the Korean Declaration of Independence.

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Independence Movement Day 2024 (South Korea) FAQs, Dates, History, Activities, and Facts About Korea

Independence Movement Day 2024 (South Korea): Independence Movement Day is an annual observance observed on March 1 in South Korea. One of the earliest public demonstrations of Korean resistance occurred on this date. The event occurred on March 1, 1919, hence its appellations “Samil Jeol,” “Three-One Movement,” and “March First Movement.” An approximate count of two million individuals participated in nonviolent protests against the Japanese occupation of Korea. The protests originated in Seoul, the capital of Korea, and were rapidly disseminated to additional regions across the nation. At a rally in Tapgol Park, the Korean Declaration of Independence was read aloud.

Day commemorating the history of the Independence Movement

1946 marked the observance of Independence Movement Day on a national level, one year after Korea achieved independence. On May 24, 1949, a national holiday was officially declared. 33 prominent religious and cultural figures from Korea started the movement. They issued the Korean Proclamation of Independence in resistance to the 1910–1945 Japanese occupation of Korea. Korea had been deprived of numerous liberties. Commemorating their late emperor on March 1, 1919, a large-scale protest was orchestrated in Seoul.

To bring pressure and international attention to Japan, the 33 leaders sought to end her colonial rule in Korea. A significant number of individuals congregated in the town to hear a student named Chung Jae-Yong sign and read the proclamation. The assembly assembled in a harmonious procession. At precisely 2:00 p.m. on the same day, additional special delegates of the movement read the proclamation of independence from designated locations throughout the nation.

Twelve months passed before the Japanese quelled the movement. Approximately two million Koreans had participated in over 1,500 demonstrations throughout the nation at this juncture. Approximately 16,000 individuals sustained injuries and approximately 7,000 lost their lives during the movements. A fire destroyed around 715 dwellings, 47 churches, and two educational institutions. Approximately 10,000 of the 46,000 individuals who were detained were tried and found guilty.

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FAQs for Independence Movement Day

What is the significance of March 1 in Korea?

It is a holiday commemorating the momentous movement that initiated the Korean War of Independence.

Which expression was prevalent during the March 1 Independence Movement?

Korean protesters chanted “Long Live Korean Independence!” throughout the March 1 Movement.

South Korea declared independence on what date?

National Liberation Day of Korea is observed on August 15 each year.

Independence Movement Day 2024 (South Korea) Activities

Exhibit the insignia

In recognition of the occasion, a conspicuous exhibition of the South Korean flag is held. This is prevalent in Korean households and establishments.

Attend occasions

Participate in the celebration by attending events and festivals. This day typically features an abundance of concerts and other activities.

Observe Tapgol Park

March 1 marked the reading of the Korean Declaration of Independence in Tapgol, identical to when it was read in 1919. Be present at the reading in remembrance of the departed heroes.

Five crucial Korea facts during their struggle

A halt to discrimination by the government

Koreans were not represented in key government positions.

Challenged, inequitable education

There was a difference between the education levels of people of Korean and Japanese descent.

Difficult administrative procedures were called into doubt.

The passage of new legislation was outpacing the public’s ability to keep up.

Requested reduction in taxes

The level of taxes imposed on the Korean people was unmanageable.

Preserved Korean teachings and culture

To stifle Korean teachings and culture, the Japanese dismissed Korean village educators.


Year Date Day
2024 March 1 Friday
2025 March 1 Saturday
2026 March 1 Sunday
2027 March 1 Monday
2028 March 1 Wednesday