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Home » Biography » M. Karunanidhi Biography: Birthday, Early Life, Career, Achievements, Awards, Personal life

M. Karunanidhi Biography: Birthday, Early Life, Career, Achievements, Awards, Personal life

Since 1969, he has commanded the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) as one of the party's founding members.

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M. Karunanidhi Jayanthi Biography
M. Karunanidhi Jayanthi Biography

M. Karunanidhi Biography: Muthuvel Karunanidhi is one of the most prominent political figures in India and remains active in Indian politics. Since 1969, he has commanded the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) as one of the party’s founding members. Due to his passion for humanitarian work, Karunanidhi has been able to serve as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for a considerable amount of time. With over 60 years of experience in politics, he has been his party’s and supporters’ strongest force.

M. Karunanidhi Biography

Early Years

Karunanidhi was born on June 3, 1924, in the village of Thirukkuvalai, to Thiru Muthuvelar and Thirumathi Anjugam Ammaiyar. Both of his parents come from extremely humble beginnings. His mother came from an impoverished background and was a temple performer in her youth. Dakshinamurthy was Karunanidhi’s original name before he altered it to Muthuvel Karunanidhi. His childhood and early education are largely unknown, but it was well-known that he had a keen interest in Tamil literature.

M. Karunanidhi Career

Karunanidhi began his career as a screenwriter in the Tamil film industry, fueled by his passion for Tamil literature. Through his film screenplays, he attempted to convey a significant social message; his storylines included widow remarriage, the abolition of the zamindari system, the elimination of religious duplicity, the eradication of untouchability, and self-respect marriages. The film “Parasakthi” reflects his opposition to the negative aspects of Brahmanism held by traditional Hindu communities. Despite numerous controversies, the film was widely publicised and accepted by audiences throughout the state. His unconventional subject matter made him one of the most in-demand screenwriters of his time. Karunanidhi composed numerous poems, letters, books, biographies, historical novels, songs, dialogues, plays, essays, short tales, etc., in addition to dialogues for motion pictures. The renowned “Valluvar Kottam” architectural rock accumulation is said to be Karunanidhi’s tribute to the renowned scholar Thiruvalluvar as an art enthusiast.

Karunanidhi was influenced by Alagiriswamii, a member of the Justice Party that once ruled India during the British occupation. Supposedly, after hearing Alagiriswamii’s speech, Karunanidhi was inspired to support social causes.

Consequently, he became a prominent adolescent figure. In 1957, he was first elected from the Thiruchirapalli district to the state assembly. As soon as he joined the DMK party in 1961, he was appointed treasurer and then opposition leader the following year. In 1967, when the party assumed power, Karunanidhi held a position of authority. Annadurai was the chief minister of Tamil Nadu in 1967 but was unable to continue due to his untimely death. Two years later, M. Karunanidhi succeeded Annadurai as Chief Minister, and he has since been re-elected in 1971, 1989, 1996, and 2006. M.Karunanidhi, who is 87 years old, remains an integral element of not only the DMK party but also Tamil Nadu politics.


Karunanidhi was a dignitary of honour at the 1970 World Tamil Conference, which was convened in Paris. In Malaysia in 1987, he inaugurated the World Tamil Conference. M. Karunanidhi was responsible for composing the official theme song for the ‘World Classical Tamil Conference 2010’. The background music was composed by A. R. Rahman. In addition to his literary contributions to Tamil literature, Karunanidhi has worked to assure the well-being of his people. Karunanidhi continues to work for humanitarian causes by establishing free insurance programmes for the poor in rural areas of the state and by implementing stringent industrialization measures. During his administration, Karunanidhi constructed the Tidel software park, which attracted more IT companies to the state. In Oragadam, he also established the New Tractor Manufacturing cell. In this system, companies including Mahindra and Nissan operate.

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Personal Life

He was married three times, beginning with Padmavathy, with whom he had M. K. Muthu. His first wife passed away during the early years of their marriage. Dayaluammal, Karunanidhi’s second wife, gave birth to four children named Azhagiri, Stalin, Selvi, and Tamilarasu. Rajathiammal, his third wife, gave birth to Rajya Sabha member Kanimozhi.


  • Annamalai University conferred an honorary doctoral degree.
  • The book “Thenpandi Singam” has been awarded the Raja Rajan prize by the Tamil University.
  • Karunanidhi was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Governor of Tamil Nadu and Chancellor of Madurai Kamaraj University.
  • He was given the title “Friend of the Muslim Community” by the Tamil Nadu Muslim Makkal Katchi.