National Teacher and freedom fighter, Pandurang Sadashiv Sane was also known as Sane Guruji by his students and followers. He was a Marathi author, teacher, social activist and freedom fighter from Maharashtra, India.
Guruji was famously acknowledged for his book “Shyamchi Aai” all over India. His father Bhaurao, was a freedom fighter and was jailed during the Swadeshi movement. His mother Yashodabai was a kind and virtuous woman, who tried to teach real values of life to her children. She left a powerful influence on young Pandurang, who later penned her in his most famous novel, “Shyamchi Aai”.
On his 70th death anniversary, here are some facts about Sane Guruji:
- Sane Guruji was deeply impacted by the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi and committed suicide on 11 June 1950 by an overdose of sleeping pills.
- To honor the freedom fighter, there is a road after his name called ‘Sane Guruji Marg’ in Chinchpokli, Maharashtra.
- He chose teaching as a vocation in which he excelled and earned the title as “Guruji”.
- The teacher turned freedom fighter graduated with a degree in Sanskrit and Marathi and further completed a master’s degree in Philosophy despite severe financial crunch troubling him throughout his student life
- Sane Guruji gave all credit for his development as courageous, individual as a human being to his mother who taught him values of life and positive vision through simple incidents and happenings in day to day life.
- The political disturbance and changes in the country roused his patriotic spirit and he started writing articles to nationalistic periodicals. He considered Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi as his icons.
- After Gandhi’s famous Dandi March, he decided to devote himself to the nation. He resigned from his teaching job and started touring villages, organizing meetings, and creating political awareness among the rural areas.
- Guruji also got arrested for political activities and spent fifteen months in Nasik jail, before getting transferred to Tiruchi jail where he learned Tamil and Bengali from fellow prisoners and later, went on to translate Tagore, Tolstoy and English classics while in jail.
- Acharya Atre, a veteran writer and film director made a film on “Shyamchi Aai” which went on to won All India Golden award.