St. David’s Day 2023: St. David’s Day, known in Welsh as Dydd Gyl Dewi Sant, commemorates the canonization of St. David, the patron saint of Wales. Since the canonization of St. David on March 1, 589, his life has been commemorated on this date. The vibrant Google Doodle was inspired by traditional Welsh stained glass windows and depicts the daffodil, Wales’ national flower.
St. David, also known as Dewi Sant, was born into a noble family in Caerfai, southwest Wales. According to legend, he was a descendant of the royal family of Ceredigion and founded a Celtic monastic community at Glyn Rhosyn, the current site of St. Davids Cathedral. St. David’s reputation as a teacher and his asceticism spread among Celtic Christians, and he assisted in the establishment of approximately twelve monasteries. His foundation at Glyn Rhosyn became the most significant centre in Wales and an important Christian shrine.
The first day of March has been a national holiday for centuries, and each year a national St. David’s Day Parade is conducted in Cardiff, where schoolchildren and bands march in traditional Welsh attire. They don bright red gowns and dark tall hats, and they carry the Welsh flag, which depicts a red dragon on a green and white background. People also don daffodils to celebrate the holiday. According to the legend of Dinas Emrys, the castle of a Celtic monarch repeatedly collapsed as a result of two dragons fighting in their lair beneath its foundation. A crimson dragon eventually triumphed and became a symbol of Welsh pride. Today, the flag adorns buildings and residences across the nation.
Numerous individuals in Wales observe St. David’s Day by attending church services, marching in parades, and donning traditional Welsh attire. Welsh cakes, a traditional Welsh confection made with raisins and spices, are often served at school, as are traditional Welsh clothing and footwear. In addition, the Welsh language is celebrated, and individuals may salute one another with “Dydd Gyl Dewi Sant Hapus!”