The World Autism Awareness Day is celebrated on April 2. The international observation encourages measures to raise awareness about people who have Autism Spectrum Disorder all around the world. Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is often characterized by issues faced with “social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech, and nonverbal communication”. It is a broad range of conditions and as per CDC about 1 in every 54 children is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
What is Autism caused by?
The main cause of autism has not been clear yet. But it has been said that the abnormalities in brain structure or function causes autism. They can be gestational as well. Brain scans have revealed that the structure of the brain in children with autism is different when compared to the rest.
What are the characteristics of Autism?
Issues with social interaction and understanding.
Unusual interest in objects.
They might exhibit under or overreaction to one or more of the five senses aka sight, touch, taste, smell, or hearing.
They might indulge in repeated actions or body movements.
What are the types of Autism?
The three most common forms of autism in the pre-2013 classification system are Autistic Disorder—or classic autism; Asperger’s Syndrome; and Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). The symptoms of these disorders are similar however the severity may differ.