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World Health Day: Exercise, meditation, yoga, good work-life balance can help fight depression

By Newsd
Updated on :
Source: health.com

The cases of depression are rapidly growing in India with more than 5 crore people suffering from the disorder – the highest in Southeast Asia and Western Pacific region including China. Recently, a new report by the UN health agency WHO also suggest that China and India are certainly the worst affected nations, accounting for almost 50 per cent of the total 322 million people living with depression across the world.

The data also shows that the total estimated number of people living with depression worldwide augmented by 18.4 per cent between 2005 and 2015.

“Mental health is increasingly becoming a concern with more and more people getting impacted and problems like depression increasingly becoming more prevalent. Depressive people experience feelings of despair, worthlessness and sadness. Typically, there are suicidal tendencies and thoughts. This may be associated with or without anxiety and other psychiatric disorders,” said Dr Sanjay Gupta, VPS Rockland Hospital, Delhi and Manesar.

“Depression is more of a lifestyle disease these days with stress increasingly becoming a part of everyday life. This is one of the modalities of the fast life that we are living where there is competition at every step. The ways to avoid this involve slight changes in everyday lifestyle to accommodate positive activities like exercise, meditation, yoga, sports and a good work-life balance,” he added.

While talking about the treatment for depression he said, “It can be pharmacological and non-pharmacological. Pharmacological involves the use of medications while non-pharmacological involves concepts like psychotherapy, counselling, and cognitive behavioural therapy where the behaviour is analyzed to understand the main causes of the problem and is giving a definitive therapy accordingly. This when supported by a positive circle of individuals comprising of friends and family members can help the individual to come out of the problem and start living a healthy and happy life again.”

Over 3 crore people suffer from anxiety disorders in India alone, as per the new WHO’s global health estimates. Notably, almost 3.8 crore people in the country suffered from anxiety disorders in 2015, with a frequency rate of 3 per cent.

The WHO data also presents that 78 per cent of global suicides happened in low- and middle-income countries. Globally, suicide accounted for close to 1.5 per cent of all deaths that makes it among the top 20 prominent causes of death in 2015.

According to a WHO report published in 2014, India accounted for the highest estimated number of suicides in the world in 2012. If we see gender wise, both depression and anxiety are more common in women than in men.

The statistics were part of a WHO report called ‘Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders – Global Health Estimates’.